I'm trying to understand the question. Are you looking for the visible signs? If so, I'll share what I know...
Baptism - water, oil
Confirmation - oil and the laying of hands by the Bishop
Eucharist - bread and wine
Reconciliation - the priest giving absolution
Matrimony - rings, vows... or on a radical note, the couple themselves exchanging vows
Holy Orders - the candidate kneeling and the laying of hands by the Bishop
Annointing of the sick - holy oil
I'm not completely sure with Holy Orders and Annointing of the sick though.
If these aren't the answers you're looking for then... I guess I don't know the answer.