Most dioceses have a vocations office; the people there should be able to help you with this question as it might vary from diocese to diocese. Or, if you are planning to join an order, you should ask their vocations office.
Here in the US, philosophy is taught in a very secular way with a lot of emphasis on the last 300 years which is not very Catholic.*
On this page there is a book called the ISI Guide to Studying Philosophy. I haven't read this one, but I read 3 of the other books in this series and they are great. I highly recommend these books and the whole site.
God bless you for your dedication!