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Old Aug 11, '10, 12:01 pm
Makarios Makarios is offline
Join Date: February 3, 2010
Posts: 46
Religion: RCIA-bound
Default Last Rites

Hey. I'm 17 years old and I was just wondering about the last rites. How can you ensure that you get them? What happens if someone neglects to call a priest? What happens if things continue to get worse (morally, etc.) and when I'm in my old age, no one decides to call a priest?

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Old Aug 11, '10, 1:02 pm
Catholic1954 Catholic1954 is offline
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Join Date: December 9, 2008
Posts: 6,549
Religion: Catholic
Default Re: Last Rites

There is no way to be 100% sure that you will receive the last rites at the time of your death. You can make all of your friends, relatives, co-workers, etc..... aware that you are Catholic and ask them to call for a priest in an emergency, but that doesn't mean they will, or there will be enough time for one anyway. This sacrament is your last chance to restore your relationship with God and die in His grace, many people do not have the opportunity to have it, and do not get that final grace; it is not "fire insurance", the state of your soul, at the time of your death is your responsibility. If you die in the state of unrepentant moral sin, you will not be fit to live with God. The wisest plan, for the rest of your life is to live it in the state of grace, every day. BTW we do not call it last rites anymore, we call it the Sacrament of the Annointing of the Sick.
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Old Aug 11, '10, 3:34 pm
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corsair corsair is offline
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Join Date: May 5, 2009
Posts: 3,114
Religion: Catholic
Default Re: Last Rites

I must agree only to a point with you, Cath1954. In the EF it is still called the "Last Rites".
And the OF and EF are on an equal footing. So I'm afraid your statement doesn't hold water.
Only in the OF is it call "Annointing of the Sick".
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Old Aug 11, '10, 5:24 pm
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ljubim ljubim is offline
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Join Date: June 4, 2009
Posts: 2,162
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Default Re: Last Rites

All of the names still are correct... don't forget extreme unction (my favorite! )

I think about this too, I'm close to your age too. I have seen medals that say, I am a Catholic, in case of emergency please call a priest. Get one of these, load yourself up with blessed things like medals, scapulars, and make frequent use of sacramentals to help keep you in a state of grace, and stay deeply in love with God, plus all your daily prayers. Work very hard to attain heaven and remain in grace, and with God's help you will make it! Daily Mass, daily adoration, and weekly confession don't hurt either.

“I think You’ve gone mad in Your love for us.”
St. Catherine of Siena, to God
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Old Aug 11, '10, 5:44 pm
cyb cyb is offline
Join Date: July 1, 2010
Posts: 88
Religion: R.C.
Default Re: Last Rites

You might consider attending Mass and receiving Holy Communion for nine first Fridays in reparation for those who do not receive Our Lord, who do not love Him and who wound Him by their sinful lives. This is part of the devotion to the Sacred Heart of Jesus.

He made 12 Great Promises to St. Margaret Mary For Those Devoted to His Sacred Heart. The twelfth promise is:

The all-powerful love of My Heart will grant to all those who shall receive Communion on the First Friday of nine consecutive months the grace of final repentance; they shall not die under My displeasure; nor without receiving their Sacraments; My Heart shall be their assured refuge at that last hour.
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Old Aug 11, '10, 6:19 pm
OraLabora OraLabora is offline
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Join Date: February 28, 2007
Posts: 8,258
Religion: Roman Catholic, Benedictine Oblate
Default Re: Last Rites

Originally Posted by corsair View Post
I must agree only to a point with you, Cath1954. In the EF it is still called the "Last Rites".
And the OF and EF are on an equal footing. So I'm afraid your statement doesn't hold water.
Only in the OF is it call "Annointing of the Sick".
Really? As far as I know there is only one 5th sacrament, one catechism, and one Church, that now calls it the "Anointing of the Sick". Do you have any official documents to support that assertion?

I didn't realize there were OF and EF sacraments. I always thought a sacrament was what the Church said it was, and that the Eucharist was the Eucharist, for instance, regardless of the rite used to celebrate it.

The EF and OF are forms for celebrating the liturgy, not the sacraments themselves. It would surprise me therefore to see a sacrament have a different name and theological meaning in the different rite. But as my wife has said, "you've been wrong before".
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Old Aug 11, '10, 7:15 pm
Dum_Spiro_Spero Dum_Spiro_Spero is offline
Join Date: May 26, 2010
Posts: 193
Religion: Roman Catholic------SSPX
Default Re: Last Rites

All the same Sacrament...but I am used to and still call it Extreme Unction

James 5:14-15: "Is any man sick among you? Let him bring in the priests of the church and let them pray over him, anointing him with oil in the name of the Lord. And the prayer of faith shall save the sick man. And the Lord shall raise him up: and if he be in sins, they shall be forgiven him."

The Sacrament "Extreme Unction," also called "Last Rites" or "Annointing of the Sick," is the annointing given to those who are gravely bodily ill, especially those in danger of death from bodily illness or from violence already done to the body (i.e., a soldier about to go into battle is not a candidate for the Sacrament; one who has been shot and lies gravely wounded or, especially, dying, is).

The conditions for receiving Unction are that one must:

have reached the age of reason (usually considered to be around the age of 7)
be in a state of grace (Penance is part of the Rite)
be sorrowful for past sins, trust in God and resign himself to His will, whether His positive will is to heal the sick person or His passive will is the person's death
The effects of the Sacrament are the strengthening and comfort of the soul of the annointed one, the remission of sins and some of their temporal punishments, and the possible restoration of bodily health.

The Rite in which the Sacrament is offered includes the Sacraments of Penance and the Eucharist (in that order), followed by the Sacrament of Unction itself. It may be received conditionally up to three or four hours after apparent death (we can't presume to know the moment the soul leaves the body and can only know with moral certainty that death has occured after corruption has begun). If the sick one is unconscious, conditional absolution and Unction are offered, without the Eucharist (known at this time as "Viaticum," meaning "Food for the Journey").

The matter of the Sacrament is the Oil of the Sick ("Oleum Infirmorum"), which is olive oil blessed by the Bishop on Maundy Thursday (the Thursday of Holy Week -- the week before Easter).

The form of the Sacrament are the words:

Through this Holy Unction or oil, and through the great goodness of His mercy, may God pardon thee whatever sins thou hast committed by evil use of sight (sight, hearing, smell, taste and speech, touch, ability to walk).

Per istam sanctan unctionem et suam piissimam misericordiam, indulgeat tibi Dominus quidquid per (visum, audtiotum, odorátum, gustum et locutiónem, tactum, gressum deliquisti.)
If death is so imminent that there is no time for the full Rite, the Sacrament may be given with a single annointing on the forehead and the words:

Through this holy unction may the Lord pardon thee whatever sins or faults thou hast committed.
The preparations for Extreme Unction are almost precisely like those for receiving a sick call from a priest, but a few extra items are nice to add: bread, cotton, and lemon or salt.

I'm Catholic. In the event of an emergency, call a priest

Catholics often carry cards in their wallets, or wear medals around their necks, that contain the above words (or simply, "I'm Catholic; call a priest"), sometimes with the priest's phone number/pager number. These cards are meant to help ensure that in an emergency, a doctor, nurse, EMT, policeman, etc., will call a priest to adminster Unction to the Catholic in need. Make sure that family members, even non-Catholic ones, are aware of your desire for Unction if you are facing death, and have your priest's phone number/pager number someplace where they'll be able to locate it easily.

First, prepare the house: Set up a table near the bed in a place where the sick person can see it easily, such as at the foot of the bed or at the side halfway down the length of the bed. Cover it with a white cloth, and on it place the Crucifix and two lit blessed candles, one on each side of the Crucifix. Near them, place a dish of regular water, a bottle of holy water, a clean linen cloth for the priest's fingers, and a piece of palm the priest can use to spinkle the holy water (if you don't have palm, you can use another type of plant, such as box). The following aren't strictly necessary, but the priest may find them useful: cotton or slices of bread, some lemon slices, a dish of salt, and a small bell (to summon family after the sick one's Confession, if necessary). Lay a linen cloth across the breast of the sick person. If you don't have any of the items at all, everything will be okay; these are just the normal way of doing things and are not totally imperative!

Greet the priest at the door: Women should cover their heads; men should uncover theirs. Meet the priest in silence at the door, bearing a lighted blessed candle (preferably the Baptismal candle of the sick one), and genuflect. Lead him to the sick person's room and remain there with him until Confession is heard. When you leave the room while Confession is being heard, close the door; you may re-enter when the priest opens it again. At all times, the priest will be quiet and somber; don't expect him to socialize before or afterward, as he carries with him the Body of Christ.
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