From Bible Hub: “He admitted that the law was good. He was never disposed for one moment to call it in question. He only asked that it should be rightly understood and properly explained. Paul was never disposed to call in question the excellency and the utility of the law…”
The Gentile converts would initially not be predisposed to try to follow the arduous rigors of Mosaic Law. Rather, Paul and the earliest evangelists sought to convert the Gentiles to the main, primary tenets of Judaism as Christ interpreted the Law, with the idea that if they wanted more knowledge, they could eventually become more fluent in Torah (wherein we find the “Law” explained in all its detail).
I also seriously contest the notion, whether biblical, Catholic, or otherwise, that Christ somehow came to abolish the Creator’s commandments. He came to bring them to the proper interpretation, as explained in the quote above, and to bring people back to the Creator. Christ brought a higher, more spiritual understanding of the Creator’s commandments, in addition to being the living, breathing example of a “living Torah” (Pope Benedict’s description) as the Messiah.
Even now, the Jews admonish the Gentiles that they do not have to follow the Torah, that they are only bound only by the “Noahide” laws, which are along the lines of the Ten Commandments. Certainly, as one progresses in their spiritual understanding, they may decide to pursue a more rigorous adherence to the Creator’s commandments. We see this in our monasteries and convents, where monks and nuns take extraordinary steps to live a more spiritual life dedicated to prayer and good works.
Centuries later, we now have the core moral tenets of Judaism spread throughout the entire world, far from the land of Israel. Christ’s message has been spread to every country. If Peter and Paul had insisted on strict adherence to Mosaic Law, the early growth and development of the Church might have been shortened. What Gentile could or would want to follow 613 commandments or “mitzvot”? It would be too daunting a task. Instead, the core moral tenets were spread far and wide, and now, today, we have practically the entire world knowledgeable about Christ, the Bible, and the Creator’s commandments.
So, despite the complete destruction and utter devastation of the Temple in Jerusalem, the spiritual essence of Judaism still lives on – certainly in Jewish communities and synagogues, but also in our Christian churches. The Roman Empire could destroy the Temple, but not the spiritual essence of the faith.