10 deadliest earthquakes of the past 100 years

Following is a list of the 10 deadliest earthquakes of the past 100 years. To find out who is most vulnerable when a natural disaster strikes, see One man’s hazard is another man’s disaster.

Date Location Fatalities Magnitude
1976 China, Tangshan 255,000 7.5
2004 Off Sumatra 232,010* 9.0
1927 China, near Xining 200,000 Not available
1920 China, Gansu 200,000 8.6
1923 Japan, Kanto 143,000** Not available
1948 Turkmenistan 110,000 7.3
1908 Italy, Messina 70,000-100,000 (est) 7.2
1932 China, Gansu 70,000 7.6
1970 Peru 66,000 7.9
1935 Pakistan, Quetta 30,000-60,000 (est) 7.5

  • This figure includes the number killed and missing in the tsunami triggered by the earthquake.

** Many thousands were killed in the Great Tokyo Fire caused by the earthquake.

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