I’m having a round of Orthodoxy vs. Catholicism with an Eastern acquaintance of mine, on the subject of the papacy. To my astonishment, my infinite knowledge of Catholicism is useless against this statement. Her argument:
The Church is not built upon the Rock of Peter as an individual but on the faith of his confession of Christ. “And I say unto you, You are Peter, and upon this rock will I build my Church; that is, on the faith of his confession.” (John Chrysostom Homily 54 on Matthew) The Church is built not on an individual and the successors of his See but on the faithful confession of Christ.
The Keys of the Kingdom given to Peter, to absolve sin, are given to all the Apostles in John 20: "If you forgive the sins of any, they are forgiven them; if you retain the sins of any, they are retained.” “As a king sending forth governors, gives power to cast into prison and to deliver from it, so in sending these forth, Christ invests them with the same power.” (John Chrysostom Homily 86 on the Gospel of John) Christ invests them with the same power, not the same power except for Peter but all with the same power. And in fact in Acts we see other Apostles with greater authority than Peter. “There was no arrogance in the Church. After Peter Paul speaks, and none silences him: James waits patiently, not starts up (for the next word). Great the orderliness (of the proceedings). No word speaks John here, no word the other Apostles, but held their peace, for James was invested with the chief rule, and think it no hardship. So clean was their soul from love of glory. “And after that they had held their peace, James answered,” etc. (v. 13.) (b) Peter indeed spoke more strongly, but James here more mildly: for thus it behooves one in high authority, to leave what is unpleasant for others to say, while he himself appears in the milder part.” (John Chrysostom Homily XXXIII on Acts 15: 13,15)
If a St. really said all this, it’s rather troubling. We like to think that most of the members of the early Church respected Catholicism, it’s odd to see a St. attacking it. Anyone know of anything that could help me here?