Not “determined”. That is a mistaken belief. They are conditioned by the moment preceding. If they were “determined” then all moral responsibility for our actions would cease, and that is an obvious error in Buddhist philosophy.
incidentally, there is a latin proverb, tempis fugit, “time flys”
Time flies like an arrow.
Fruit flies like a banana.
With Jesus, anything good no matter how unlikely can happen because of the observed reality of miracles.
Miracles are not confined to Christianity. Vimalakirti fed 80,000 people from a single bowl of rice. You need neither Jesus, nor Christianity, for miracles.
But nevertheless, in the Buddhism I studied, Buddha cannot affect your karma and you cannot be helped beyond your capacity of the moment.
Correct. Buddhism is a “salvation by works” religion. Buddhas and Bodhisattvas can offer advice and encouragement, but ultimately it is up to each individual to do the necessary work.
My understanding of Buddhism is that Buddhists consider themselves fortunate to have ‘met-up’ with ‘dharma’.
‘Fortunate’ because of our previous actions. We are living as a human in a time and a place when the dharma is available. What use we make of it is up to us.
I was exposed to a belief that Buddhists, once they are on the path, follow it inexorably to Nirvanna. Straying from the path is not their fault, and all beings eventually arrive at Nirvanna.
Not just Buddhists, all living beings eventually attain nirvana. Some have already done it. Some will do it quickly. Some will do it slowly. Even Mara (the rough equivalent of Satan) will eventually attain nirvana.
In Catholicism, no one goes to Hell (a permanent separation from God) unless he Chooses to.
In Buddhism nothing is permanent. That includes the heavens and the hells. Even nirvana has to change. If it can’t change from nirvana-without-rossum to nirvana-with-rossum then the whole exercise is pointless.
The Apostles Creed holds that Jesus descended to the dead and preached the gospel to condemned souls. Thus, we can presume that even in Hell, though there be great pain and suffering, a soul has access to truth.
Correct. The Buddha preaches in the hells:
The hells are at the bottom, with the Buddha preaching there, as in all the other destinations.
Yet the mystery I referred to was that often good does result from the sacrifice of others.
The sacrifice must be voluntary. Animal sacrifice is not. When Buddhism moves into a country, the main things that it tries to stop in other religions is human sacrifice and animal sacrifice.
But Jesus’ death and resurrection saved humanity from obliteration.
Jesus’ sacrifice was voluntary.