It appears from your survey that part of what you’re supposed to do is to find the views of individual Catholics in addition to the teaching of the Catholic Church, so I’ve answered briefly what my opinions (as a Catholic) are. Most of the research questions (what writings, bible verses, etc) I mostly left to google.
**1. What is the Catholic Churches official view on abortion? **
'tis murder. Murder is bad.
2. Are there any exceptions to these views approved by the Church?
No. Murder is always bad.
3. Where do these views come from, what are the teachings these views are based upon?
They come, primarily, from the fact that murder is bad. The fact that it is murder and that murder is bad is a result of reason that is confirmed by Church teaching.
4. Where do these views appear in the Bible or other writings recognised by the Catholic Church if at all?
I think I’ll leave that to google.
5. Are there any recognised ethical frameworks that you know of that the Church recognises such as the Natural Law Theory by St. Thomas Aquinas?
Other than natural law, I am not aware of any such thing by name. You may want to google Catholic Bioethics for a summary of how such things are applied to this and related questions though.
6. Do you think abortion is a Human rights issue or a Women’s rights issue, or both?
Human rights, because humans have a right not to be murdered. Although you may be interested to know that in many places, people do sex selective abortion to try to avoid daughters.
7. Do you think abortion being made illegal would be a good or bad thing, and why do you feel this way?
Good, because murder is bad and ought to be illegal.
8. How do you/ the Catholic Church regard those who are pro-choice?
They’re wrong. Other than that, I have no broad opinion that I would apply to them as a group.
9. How does the Catholic Church view woman, who have had an abortion in the past, what are the consequences if any?
As a sinner, just like everyone else - which is to say, deserving of compassion and correction. I believe there is a canonical penalty, but I’ll leave that to google as well.
10. How is a Priest etc. taught to counsel women who have either had an abortion or are considering having an abortion?
Not a priest, don’t know.
11. Do you think that the lack of feminist power in the Catholic Church is a reason for why they hold the views that they do?
No. I think the fact that murder is bad is the reason that we hold the views that we do.
12. Have the official views on abortion of the Church changed over time, if so, how and when?
No. We’ve always been pretty clear that murder is bad. I believe there was some uncertainty among some people centuries ago about what was going on, but once the question was figured out it has remained so.
13. Are the current views on abortion consistent among followers of the Catholic Church, if not what other views are held?
Not entirely, there are Catholics who disagree with the Church. The Church thinks they’re wrong. I’m sure they can tell you what they think though.
14. What are the basis of these diverging views, if any?
Lack of understanding of what the Church is, together with some other things that probably vary person to person.
15. Is there any other valuable information regarding abortion from a Catholic standpoint that you think I should consider?
You may want to look up Catholic bioethics.