Account: "When French revolutionaries sacked Rome and kidnapped the pope."


"I was captivated by the idea that Revolutionary France had arrested and imprisoned two successive popes. This is hardly ever discussed, even within the Church. I realized that the Revolution’s attack on the Church was the first domino to fall, and it knocked over a series of others that lead us down to our own time.

Who are the ‘us’ here?

Of course, there was a long history of antagonism of the French on the papacy leading up to this. In 1303 Phillip the Fair assaulted Boniface VIII at his papal home; Boniface died not long after. Then comes the Avignon captivity…

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