This is a part of Islam that a lot of us fine non-Muslims have problems with.
[9.29] Fight those who do not believe in Allah, nor in the latter day, nor do they prohibit what Allah and His Apostle have prohibited, nor follow the religion of truth, out of those who have been given the Book, until they pay the tax in acknowledgment of superiority and they are in a state of subjection.
[9.30] And the Jews say: Uzair is the son of Allah; and the Christians say: The Messiah is the son of Allah; these are the words of their mouths; they imitate the saying of those who disbelieved before; may Allah destroy them; how they are turned away!
Why would God need tax money? This doesn’t sound like an order coming from God but rather an order coming from a King or an aristocrat. It translates pretty clearly to: “Hey if they aren’t like us tax them or kill them”. Also I would like to point out that the Jews never believed Uzair was divine as Christians believe Jesus was divine as it says in 9:30 above so The Quran is wrong there. I would like to ask the Muslims here if they believe that I as a Catholic needs to be taxed or destroyed.