Thanks so much for your research! Abucs
I do not dispute any of the facts you present!
Indeed, I have read the book “The Popes last Crusade.” - As well as the 1937 Enclyptic, It seems Pius XI was having another encyclical written that would denounce the Nazi racial ideology in even more powerful terms!
(Unfortunately, it seems the Jesuit General mothballed the master copy he was supposed to pass on to the Pope for approval and it never saw the light of day.)
Also Pius XI had a big meeting for all the Italian Bishops scheduled in 1939 where many speculate he was going to excommunicate Mussolini or Hitler or both! - (Pius XI died just days before it was to happen)
So I think Pius XI had realised the Nazis and Fascists were evil and could not be worked with or restrained. The concordat signed with Nazi Germany had been repeatedly broken by the Nazis.
Also “Lax16 “ has highlighted numerous courageous individuals who resisted the Nazis dsepite great danger to themselves. (sometimes at the cost of their lives)
And there are many examples of those who assisted and saved thousands from the concentration camps – including church buildings and even the Vatican used to conceal ones in danger.
None of this I dispute for a moment! Infact I could add numerous examples myself from my own reading. (This is a period of History I am quite fascinated by)
But despite all these heroic examples –** obviously the holocaust still happened. **
Obviously a large percentage of the population still gave the Nazis support. (grudginly or willingly)
In the 1930’s about a third of German population was Catholic, (closer to 50% when Austria was annexed in 1938) The rest were usually Protestants. Most Germans back then were still regular church goers.
Of Germany’s allies, Hungary and Italy were almost totally Catholic.
How do we account for this?