Very good question!
I’ll add that there’s also the “logion” or “agrapha” (a fancy word for “remark that’s not in the Gospel”) that’s attributed to Jesus in many ancient orthodox sources:
“Be good bankers” or “Be good bankers till I come.”
It’s an alternate wording for Luke 19:13, actually, instead of “Pragmateusasthe en ho erchomai” (“Do business/invest/trade until I come back”). Sometimes it’s associated with 1 Thess. 5:21. (So yeah, that’s close to two of today’s readings!)
The logion comes in several alternate versions: “ginesthe kaloi trapezitai” (“Be good bankers”), “ginesthe trapezitai dokimoi” (“Be experienced bankers”), and “ginesthe phronimoi trapezitai” ("Be honest bankers). It’s quoted by St. Irenaeus, St. Clement, and others.
St. Clement took it as meaning that a Christian should be like a moneychanger who could pick out good money from bad, and false coins without a full weight of gold or silver from good coin that gave full value, and “rejecting what is bad, retaining what is good.” In other words, Christians should be able to tell Gospel and Church teaching from what was dangerous BS.
St. Irenaeus compared the apostles’ teachings drawn from Christ as being entrusted to the Church, just as rich men entrust their deposit of money to a bank. (Which is why we call the apostolic teachings “the apostolic deposit.”) He further says that anybody can go to the “bank” and make a withdrawal.
Anyway… “trapezitai” were moneychangers and bankers. They sat at a table (“trapeza”). They needed a good supply of capital for their business, so they accepted deposits (essentially, a money deposit equalled an investment in their business) and paid a use fee to the depositor upon withdrawal. Pretty good interest, apparently.
It’s not clear whether Jesus approved of this business or not. What was clear is that he was using an analogy to warn us that God doesn’t give us responsibilities and then not expect results, or at least a solid try.
However, Jesus didn’t disapprove of soldiers, even though he had run-ins with them. So he might have approved of moneychangers, as long as they were honest, and as long as they weren’t doing business inside the Temple instead of outside.