*Transgenic animals are animals with a foreign gene that was introduced externally. Meaning its genome was added a gene that it was not born with. Transgenic animals are animals that are “enhanced” and are used for any field and can also be use to produce an extra desired substances. They are also beneficial to our economy through uses in Agriculture, Medicine, and Industrial. There are many controversies concerning transgenic animals. These controversies are both ethical and social… *
This area has caught my attention lately because these chimeras appear to be direct evidence of ‘intelligently designed’ animals. Methods for bringing these ‘creations’ about include transgenics, gene knockout technology, and somatic cell nuclear transfer. Examples of animals ‘created’ in this way include glofish, green fluorescent bunnies, flourescent bollworms, tissue-specific knockout mice, transgenic sheep and goats, and various kinds of transgenic crops as well.
A good example of how this is done can be seen here…
My three questions on this are hypothetical ones based on a fictional situation.
Let’s say the technology to produce transgenic animals became lost to humanity for 2000 years. Later, 2000 years after the various transgenic species spread into the natural environment, humanity rediscovers the methods by which transgenic animals can be made.
Looking back, after 2000 years, how would a molecular biologist be able to differentiate between a transgenic species and a species which is naturally produced? (I honestly don’t know the answer to this question but I am fairly sure there must be some way to discern this distinction)
Using these same methods that a molecular biologist would use to differentiate between a transgenic species and a species which is naturally produced, can we look through the genetic record and likewise discern if this happened prior to humanity discovering the means to produce transgenic species 2000 years ago? (In other words, is there evidence in the genetic record that certain species may have been deliberately genetically modified by intelligence in a way similar to how these transgenic species were produced?)
In reference to question 2, if there is a way to determine that certain species may have been deliberately genetically modified by an intelligence in a way similar to how these transgenic species were produced, has anyone actually made the effort to search through the genetic records to see if this has actually been done? (The reason why I ask is because it seems to me that this would be a good way to scientifically prove or disprove certain claims of the Intelligent Design movement without simply dismissing their thoughts out of hand)