In The Gospel of Luke, Jesus went to Nazareth. He went to the synagogue and read from the prophet Isaiah. Did any Apostles accompany Christ to Nazareth?
Not sure we can know.
Mark 6:1 He departed from there and came to his native place, accompanied by his disciples.
But the OP is asking the question in the context of the Gospel of Luke.
In Luke, the arrangement of the material is different than in Mark – there, the return to Nazareth occurs before the calling of Peter, James and John.
Therefore, in the context of Luke, the answer would seem to be ‘no’.
Okay. I didn’t think of that.
Maybe there were two rejections at Nazareth.
But Peter, James and John may have been part of the disciples before they were called to be apostles.
Possible, but unlikely: they were fishermen, which would seem to preclude being followers of an itinerant preacher…
Maybe, but then again when Christ called them, they dropped everything and followed him. That would seem a little strange if they didn’t first know something about him. Nazereth is not that far from Caparnaum or Cana.
And it may have occurred before Jesus’ first Passover in his public ministry.
First off, notice the way that Luke tells his story: the cure of Simon’s mother-in-law happens in chapter 4, and then Jesus jumps into Simon’s boat in order to preach (and later directs him to a miraculous catch of fish before He calls him to be an apostle) in chapter 5. In other words, Luke says that Simon did have some personal experience with Jesus before He called him to apostleship.
Second: I’m not really sure what you’re trying to say about the distance between Nazareth and Capernaum. After all, we’re told that, when Jesus comes to Nazareth, he had already been preaching and doing miraculous deeds in Capernaum and Galilee. And, of course, Simon is fishing in the Sea of Galilee (a.k.a., the ‘lake of Gennesaret’), and Capernaum is on the shores of that body of water (and is said to have been the home of Peter, Andrew, James, and John). So, yeah – they would’ve heard of Jesus (at the very least, by word of mouth).
Still, it would’ve been difficult for a fisherman (who owned his own fishing business) to have also been a disciple. That’s why it’s so striking that he drops everything in order to follow Jesus…!