Any information on who these people are?

Sura #3:

[quote]110 Ye are the best community that hath been raised up for mankind. Ye enjoin right conduct and forbid indecency; and ye believe in Allah. And if the People of the Scripture had believed it had been better for them. Some of them are believers; but most of them are evil-livers.
111 They will not harm you save a trifling hurt, and if they fight against you they will turn and flee. And afterward they will not be helped.
112 Ignominy shall be their portion wheresoever they are found save (where they grasp) a rope from Allah and a rope from men. They have incurred anger from their Lord, and wretchedness is laid upon them. That is because they used to disbelieve the revelations of Allah, and slew the prophets wrongfully. That is because they were rebellious and used to transgress.
113 They are not all alike. Of the People of the Scripture there is a staunch community

who recite the revelations of Allah in the night season, falling prostrate (before Him).
114 They believe in Allah and the Last Day, and enjoin right conduct and forbid indecency, and vie one with another in good works. These are of the righteous.
115 And whatever good they do, they will not be denied the meed thereof. Allah is Aware of those who ward off (evil).
116 Lo! the riches and the progeny of those who disbelieve will not avail them aught against Allah; and such are rightful owners of the Fire. They will abide therein. ~Pickthal

Was it a monestary of sorts and/or monks, or individuals in the general population of the unnamed community Mohammed was in? I guess Medina.

I found this information for you:

The main theme of the verses 109 - 120 has been resumed to reassure and encourage the Muslims against the dangerous plots of their enemies

Verses: [110-112]
Now you are the best community which has been raised up for the guidance of mankind: you enjoin what is right and forbid what is wrong and believe in Allah.

Had these people of the Book also believed, it would have surely been better for them. Though there are among them some believers, yet most of them are transgressors.

Anyhow they can do no harm to you: the worst they can do is to inflict a trifling hurt on you. If they fight with you, they will turn their backs on you, and shall not get any help from anywhere.

Disgrace and humiliation have been stamped upon them wherever they may be except in the case when they get refuge under the favour of Allah or under the patronage of other people.

They have incurred the wrath of Allah; therefore misery and humiliation have been stamped upon them. This is because they rejected the Revelations of Allah and killed His Prophets without any just cause; this is the consequence of their disobedience and their transgression.

Verses: [113-117]
Yet all the people of the Book are not alike: there are among them some who are steadfastly on the right path; who recite the Revelations of Allah at night and fall prostrate before Him; who believe in AIlah and the Last Day; who enjoin what is right and forbid what is wrong and remain earnestly engaged in good works; these are the righteous people, and whatever good they do, they will not be denied the just reward for it, for Allah knows full well the pious people.

As for those who have adopted the way of disbelief, neither their wealth nor their children shall avail them against Allah; they deserve Hell, and there they shall abide for ever.

Whatever they are spending in this worldly life may be likened to the wind that brings frost in it and smites and destroys totally the **tillage **of those who have been unjust to themselves;(ft91)Allah has not done any injustice to them but in fact they themselves are doing injustice to themselves.

footnote: #91
In this similitude, “tillage” stands for human life, for one sows in it deeds or misdeeds which one shall have to harvest in the Next World. The “wind” refers to the superficial and hypocritical show of charity that impels the unbelievers to spend their wealth in charity and public works.

And “frost” refers to the lack of faith and willingness to obey the Divine Law in its right spirit, which makes void the acts and deeds of one’s life.

By this similitude, Allah teaches this lesson; just as air is very useful for the growth of crops but it also destroys these if there is frost in it: in the same way charity helps nourish the harvest that is to be reaped in the Next World but it destroys the same, if it is poisoned with unbelief.

The above chapter 3 was from Medina

3 سورة آل عمران Aal-e-Imran The family of Imran Madina

Thanks, but I was curious if they were a specific group like Nestorians in this account:

Ruins of the church to which the monk Bahira belonged to when he saw Mohammed as a 12 years old.
The ancient city Busra, found some 150 kilometers south of Damascus, …

Ruins of the Nestorian Christian monk Bahiras church. The monk saw the Prophet with his uncle Abu Talib and spoke with him. Bahira said that Allah would send a message which will be a mercy to all beings through Mohammed ." Abu Talib asked how he could know that. Bahira told him about the signs he had seen among them; the stones and trees prostrating themselves, which they never do except for a Prophet, the seal of Prophethood which is below his shoulder, a cloud folllowing him which gives him shadow, and also after speaking to Muhammed about different issues.

Or if it was a different group.

In the name of Allah , Most Gracious, Most Merciful

related link

Virtues of the People of the Scriptures Who Embrace Islam

Muhammad bin Ishaq and others, including Al-Awfi who reported it from IbnAbbas, said; "These Ayat were revealed about the clergy of the People of the Scriptures who embraced the faith.

For instance, there is Abdullah bin Salam, Asad binUbayd, Thalabah bin Sayah, Usayd bin Sa`yah, and so forth.

This Ayah means that those among the People of the Book whom Allah rebuked earlier are not at all the same as those among them who embraced Islam. Hence Allah’s statement,

لَيْسُواْ سَوَآءً]

(Not all of them are alike) [3:113].’’

Therefore, these two types of people are not equal, and indeed, there are believers and also criminals among the People of the Book, just as Allah said,

مِّنْ أَهْلِ الْكِتَـبِ أُمَّةٌ قَآئِمَةٌ]

(a party of the People of the Scripture stand for the right) for they implement the Book of Allah, adhere to His Law and follow His Prophet Muhammad . Therefore, this type is on the straight path,

يَتْلُونَ ءَايَـتِ اللَّهِ ءَانَآءَ الَّيْلِ وَهُمْ يَسْجُدُونَ]

(they recite the verses of Allah during the hours of the night, prostrating themselves in prayer.)

They often stand in prayer at night for Tahajjud, and recite the Qur’an in their prayer,

يُؤْمِنُونَ بِاللَّهِ وَالْيَوْمِ الاٌّخِرِ وَيَأْمُرُونَ بِالْمَعْرُوفِ وَيَنْهَوْنَ عَنِ الْمُنْكَرِ وَيُسَـرِعُونَ فِى الْخَيْرَتِ وَأُوْلَـئِكَ مِنَ الصَّـلِحِينَ ]

(They believe in Allah and the Last Day; they enjoin Al-Ma`ruf and forbid Al-Munkar; and they hasten in (all) good works; and they are among the righteous) [3: 114].

This is the same type of people mentioned at the end of the Surah;

وَإِنَّ مِنْ أَهْلِ الْكِتَـبِ لَمَن يُؤْمِنُ بِاللَّهِ وَمَآ أُنزِلَ إِلَيْكُمْ وَمَآ أُنزِلَ إِلَيْهِمْ خَـشِعِينَ للَّهِ]

(And there are, certainly, among the People of the Scripture (Jews and Christians), those who believe in Allah and in that which has been revealed to you, and in that which has been revealed to them, humbling themselves before Allah.) [3:199].

Allah said here,

وَمَا يَفْعَلُواْ مِنْ خَيْرٍ فَلَنْ يُكْفَروهُ]

(And whatever good they do, nothing will be rejected of them;) [3:115] meaning, their good deeds will not be lost with Allah. Rather, He will award them the best rewards,

وَاللَّهُ عَلِيمٌ بِالْمُتَّقِينَ]

(for Allah knows well the Muttaqin (the pious).) for no deed performed by any person ever escapes His knowledge, nor is any reward for those who do good deeds ever lost with Him. Allah mentions the disbelieving polytheists:

لَن تُغْنِىَ عَنْهُمْ أَمْوَلُهُمْ وَلاَ أَوْلـدُهُم مِّنَ اللَّهِ شَيْئًا]

(neither their properties nor their offspring will avail them against Allah) [3:116]. meaning, nothing can avert Allah’s torment and punishment from striking them,

وَأُوْلـئِكَ أَصْحَـبُ النَّارِ هُمْ فِيهَا خَـلِدُونَ]

(They are the dwellers of the Fire, therein they will abide.)

Verisimilitude, The verses address Muslims in general (Past, present, and future), and then refers to Christians (of past and present), among them are the believers, from the generations past, those who believed in Jesus’s message during his time). I don’t know if we have anything in the hadith collections of who these people are. It would be interesting to find out.

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