Meaning of “Lateran” which I just discovered in the New Catholic Dictionary. It is titled The Lateran Palace apparently…….read on…………….
“Papal edifice in Rome which takes its name from Plautius Lateranus, a Roman senator who suffered death under Nero, A.D. 66. It came into the possession of Maximian, who included it in the dowry of his daughter Fausta at the time of her marriage to Constantine the Great, 307. The latter gave it to Pope Miltiades, c. 313, who adopted part of it as the papal residence and part as a church dedicated to the Holy Saviour. The Lateran remained the papal residence for about 1000 years. It was destroyed by fire in the years 1307 and 1361, and during the pontificate of Sixtus V (1585-1590) the architect Fontana replaced the building with a smaller edifice. Pius IX established the Museum of Catacomb Inscriptions and Christian Antiquities in the Lateran Palace, 1854, under the guardianship of Cardinal Patrizi, Monsignor Castellani and Monsignor Tizzani, Father Marchi, S.J., and G. B. De Rossi. It was in the Hall of the Popes that the **Roman Question was settled by The Lateran Treaty, 10 February 1929. **Article 13 of the treaty secures the Lateran to the papacy as an extraterritorial possession. “
As quoted in my Post, I took the above from The New Catholic Dictionary and then went off to research what “The Roman Question” was all about and found a contradiction between what The New Catholic Dictionary had to say and what New Advent said. I’m wondering which is the more reliable?
I’m only posting this for information, when my head stops aching from concentration I’ll go over to Ask An Apoligist forum to sort it out for me and advise a reliable Catholic Dictionary and/or Encylopedia if both or either are questionable.
Here is what New Advent had to say which contradicts the above:
New Advent Encyclopedia
Papal States………………link: newadvent.org/cathen/14257a.htm
“The Roman question remains unsettled to the present day, since its solution by Italy has thus far been absolutely one-sided, besides having been brought about by violence. Without heeding the protests of the pope, Rome was declared the capital of Italy on 30 June, 1871. The radical elements, who were hostile to the Church and who had contributed so much to the unification of Italy, continued for the future also to hold the upper hand. Pope Pius IX by the Decree “Non expedit” of 29 February, 1868, had forbidden the Italian Catholics to participate in the political life and especially in the election of representatives of the Kingdom of Italy……………”