A protestant friend of mine asked me a few questions about the Apostle’s creed, and I wasn’t sure how to answer. What is meant by the line “he descended into hell?” Does that mean Jesus actually descended in to hell, or was it added to say that yes Christ had indeed died on the cross?
"Hell corresponds to the Greek Hades, which is the word for the “lower regions” - where people were supposed to go when they died. It’s a way of saying that Jesus really died.
1 Peter 3,19 alludes to this descent into the abode of the dead. But what he did there is difficult to establish. The passage has been interpreted in many different ways.
Thanks for reply verbum. My friend also wanted to know why protestants rejceted it, but from what you say there is nothing really to reject about it. Thanks again!
[quote=Hio1515]Thanks for reply verbum. My friend also wanted to know why protestants rejceted it, but from what you say there is nothing really to reject about it. Thanks again!
Actually a great many of them recite it in their services and have it as a statement of faith.
My friend is still having trouble understand the line. If the purpose of saying he descended in to hell is to reiterate that he died why right before that line does it say “Suffered under Pontius Pilate; was crucified, dead and buried.” Why does it need to be said twice? I noticed when searching for this thread again that some posted the exact same question right after I did. What are the odds?
From the Catechism:
** ARTICLE 5
"HE DESCENDED INTO HELL. ON THE THIRD DAY HE ROSE AGAIN" **
631 Jesus "descended into the lower parts of the earth. He who descended is he who also ascended far above all the heavens."476 The Apostles’ Creed confesses in the same article Christ’s descent into hell and his Resurrection from the dead on the third day, because in his Passover it was precisely out of the depths of death that he made life spring forth:
Christ, that Morning Star, who came back from the dead, and shed his peaceful light on all mankind, your Son who lives and reigns for ever and ever. Amen.477
Paragraph 1. Christ Descended into Hell
632 The frequent New Testament affirmations that Jesus was “raised from the dead” presuppose that the crucified one sojourned in the realm of the dead prior to his resurrection.478 This was the first meaning given in the apostolic preaching to Christ’s descent into hell: that Jesus, like all men, experienced death and in his soul joined the others in the realm of the dead. But he descended there as Savior, proclaiming the Good News to the spirits imprisoned there.479
633 Scripture calls the abode of the dead, to which the dead Christ went down, “hell” - *Sheol *in Hebrew or *Hades *in Greek - because those who are there are deprived of the vision of God.480 Such is the case for all the dead, whether evil or righteous, while they await the Redeemer: which does not mean that their lot is identical, as Jesus shows through the parable of the poor man Lazarus who was received into “Abraham’s bosom”:481 "It is precisely these holy souls, who awaited their Savior in Abraham’s bosom, whom Christ the Lord delivered when he descended into hell."482 Jesus did not descend into hell to deliver the damned, nor to destroy the hell of damnation, but to free the just who had gone before him.483
634 "The gospel was preached even to the dead."484 The descent into hell brings the Gospel message of salvation to complete fulfilment. This is the last phase of Jesus’ messianic mission, a phase which is condensed in time but vast in its real significance: the spread of Christ’s redemptive work to all men of all times and all places, for all who are saved have been made sharers in the redemption.
635 Christ went down into the depths of death so that "the dead will hear the voice of the Son of God, and those who hear will live."485 Jesus, “the Author of life”, by dying destroyed "him who has the power of death, that is, the devil, and [delivered] all those who through fear of death were subject to lifelong bondage."486 Henceforth the risen Christ holds “the keys of Death and Hades”, so that "at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, in heaven and on earth and under the earth."487
Today a great silence reigns on earth, a great silence and a great stillness. A great silence because the King is asleep. The earth trembled and is still because God has fallen asleep in the flesh and he has raised up all who have slept ever since the world began. . . He has gone to search for Adam, our first father, as for a lost sheep. Greatly desiring to visit those who live in darkness and in the shadow of death, he has gone to free from sorrow Adam in his bonds and Eve, captive with him - He who is both their God and the son of Eve. . . "I am your God, who for your sake have become your son. . . I order you, O sleeper, to awake. I did not create you to be a prisoner in hell. Rise from the dead, for I am the life of the dead."488
IN BRIEF **
636 By the expression “He descended into hell”, the Apostles’ Creed confesses that Jesus did really die and through his death for us conquered death and the devil “who has the power of death” (*Heb *2:14).
637 In his human soul united to his divine person, the dead Christ went down to the realm of the dead. He opened heaven’s gates for the just who had gone before him.
Thanks. I don’t know why I didn’t look in the catechism first.
[quote=Hio1515]A protestant friend of mine asked me a few questions about the Apostle’s creed, and I wasn’t sure how to answer. What is meant by the line “he descended into hell?” Does that mean Jesus actually descended in to hell, or was it added to say that yes Christ had indeed died on the cross?
Jesus litterally decended into Because he died with all the sins of the world on his shoulders.When he rose on the third day it was to prove to satan and man that evil had no power over him and because his blood was shed we all might be saved.
I.C.L Your Brother, Badcat:amen: