Well first I went to look for some info from the national snow and ice data center…cause they are one of the best places to go when looking for info on this sort of stuff.
**And about that submarine. Jeepers, Freezer, even John Daly had to admit that picture was mislabelled:
The article was meant to indicate that the North Pole had been ice free, even in spring, during the mid-20th century. However, we are not disputing this point here - rather, we examine whether the photograph was indeed of the USS Skate at the North Pole on the 17th March 1959 - i.e. whether the data had been honestly and correctly quoted.
There are two easily-accessible references, which describe the surfacing of the USS Skate at the North Pole on the 17th March 1959 (the first submarine to do so): (from this link,
Calvert, J.F., 1959. Up through the ice of the North Pole, The National Geographic Magazine, Vol. CXVI, No. 1, July 1959, pp. 1-41.
Calvert, J., 1996. Surface at The Pole, Bluejacket Books (originally printed by McGraw-Hill, 1960).
and which say:
That the sun was still below the horizon and it was quite dark (it did not appear until 19 March):
The sun was still just below the horizon and a very heavy overcast made for late twilight darkness
That the weather was terrible:
the wind … was roaring around us at about 30 knots, blowing the snow until one could see no more than a quarter of a mile
The swirling snow loomed around the red torches
in the 26-below-zero cold… The wind blew snow into our noses and mouths, and it was difficult to talk or even breathe
The wind and bitter cold made it physically difficult to hold and read the prayer book
the gale was increasing and the temperature dropping
Both sides of the lead were piled with the heaviest and ruggedest hummocks I had yet seen in the Arctic. It was a wild and forbidding scene
Do these descriptions match the picture above? Of course not. After a long argument, John Daly was eventually persuaded to remove the picture from his web site. It turned out that he had absolutely no evidence to prove that the picture was of the Skate at the North Pole on the 17th March 1959 - it wasn’t - it was just a convenient photo, chosen to ‘prove’ the point he was trying to make. His ‘data’ was just plain wrong.** scienceblogs.com/deltoid/2009/04/open_thread_25.php#comment-1592941
Oh and here is the NSIDC faqs on sea ice. nsidc.org/arcticseaicenews/faq.html
As for Antartic cooling actually if you look at the past 50 years it has been warming… realclimate.org/index.php/archives/2009/01/state-of-antarctica-red-or-blue/
Now from what I have read it is likely we are coming to an sea ice free artic in the summer fairly soon in the future. Exactly when we donlt know of course though. And if the climate keeps warming we may eventually see a year round sea ice free artic…though probably not in any of our life times.