The answer, apparently, is yes, at least according to a study that was released this year. The authors define ‘traditional’ as the husband working and the wife not.
Specifically mentioned in the study is the possible influence of religious beliefs:
Finally, another benefit may be spiritual in nature since specific tenets within
religious doctrines sometimes focus on gender relations and men’s and women’s roles for childrearing (Davis & Greenstein, 2009). So, for instance, a follower of a particular religion may feel more spiritually endowed by believing that it is women’s primary responsibility to nurture the children in her family.
Also mentioned is gender “essentialism,” something that should be familiar to posters who read the threads about gender roles. The Church does teach that inherent differences do exist between the genders, although not necessarily in the ways listed below.
Both of these are aligned with a third reason, “gender essentialism” which is the idea that women and men are fundamentally and innately different in skills and interests.
I mention these two aspects only because they have come up explicitly on this forum. I am not an expert on the issue, so if anyone has any other studies (agreeing or disagreeing with this recent one), please share.