I don’t know that the Levite priesthood really exists in Judaism anymore. If you mean are there female rabbis then it would depend on the community. I know there are female rabbis in many places, just not sure if they are accepted in ultra orthodox communities.
It’s possible the Priests will return if the Temple is rebuilt.
Unlike the other tribes of Israel, the tribe of Levi is not thought to have completely lost its identity. Many Jewish people, with names such as Levit, Levin, and Levine, are thought to be of the tribe of Levi. They are given special roles to fill in Jewish synagogue worship because of their priestly heritage. Those with names such as Cohen, Kahan, and sometimes Katz are thought to come from the priestly family within the tribe of Levi.
Thanks, Kaninchen. I wasn’t sure if the line of Aaron had been maintained since the destruction of the temple. I assume the Kohen are still required to be descendant from Aaron(?), but really not sure what the status of the Judaic priesthood is.
Here’s Judaism 101’s explanation of the various Jewish roles (saves my typing ;)).
After the destruction of the Temple and the scattering of Jews after the Bar Kokhba rebellion the role of Rabbi became central to how Judaism developed. Rabbis had been around a long time - the entire Jewish population didn’t turn up once a week at the Temple in Jerusalem for prayers and a sacrifice, most of the time they went to synagogue. The Temple ‘system’ and synagogue ‘system’ existed side-by-side, when the Temple was destroyed one ‘system’ ended but the other carried on.
Priests offer sacrifice for the expiation of sin. Catholic priests offer the body and blood of the Lamb of God (Christ) supernaturally made present by God at every mass. Prior to the destruction of the temple, Jewish priests offered a variety of animals (I’m not an expert, sadly) in accordance with their traditions.
Rabiis are teachers of the law and of the Jewish Tradition that has developed regarding its interpretation and implementation. They are the descendents of the Pharisees of NT biblical times.
Thanks for the clarification. So to the OP’s original question. When the Temple is rebuilt would women be allowed to be priest or can Kohen only be male? I have my supposition but I am far from a Jewish scholar.
No priests. (Though there are those persons qualified to be priests. But there has to be a temple before there can be priests.)
According to the Old Testament, priests could only be men.
Yes. I had a professor in college who was a woman and a rabbi. Judaism, like Christianity, has its liberal, middle of the road, and conservative versions. Liberals most definitely would have female rabbis. More moderate forms will also have female rabbis, but the most conservative forms will not.
There are female rabbis in Reform Judaism but not in Orthodox Judaism. In Conservative Judaism (to put it simply, midway in orthodoxy between Orthodox and Reform), there was something of a scandal when a female rabbi was ordained. I believe, and others may have the details, there was ONCE, perhaps a few hundred years ago, a female rabbi in Orthodox Judaism.