At Newsweek , where I serve as opinion editor, we held a “debate of the week” on this issue in June. J. Christian Adams and Hans von Spakovsky persuasively, and quite presciently, argued that this unprecedented exercise in national mass mail-in voting entails numerous systemic risks: lack of basic administrative infrastructure and personnel competency, inaccurate voter rolls, multiple registrations, decedent registrations, ballot harvesting, and venal postal service employees, to name just a few.
These sundry problems very much include, but are hardly limited to, the numerous states where ballots were mass-mailed to everyone on the voter rolls. And these conceptual problems don’t even get into specific state-by-state legal requirements, such as signature verification, copies of voters’ photo identification, and postmark date deadlines. Every state is different; Pennsylvania, for instance, where the Trump campaign will focus much of its litigation, requires a sealed privacy envelope.
In fact, during primary season earlier this year, we know that a lot of mail-in ballots were thrown out for failing to meet various state law requirements. In New York City, during New York State’s June 23 primary, 21% of all mail-in ballots—totaling approximately 84,000 raw votes—[were invalidated](https://www.nbcnews.com/politics/elections/one-five-mail-ballots-rejected-botched-nyc-primary-n1236143). Those 84,000 (non-)votes, if properly sprinkled across Georgia, Pennsylvania, Wisconsin, and Arizona, could have already come close to securing a second term for President Trump.
Other examples abound. In the Wisconsin primary, the rejection rate was [around 2%]which seems low until one considers that the raw total of rejected ballots was 23,169, greater than Trump’s current deficit in the Badger State. In Pennsylvania, election officials were fretting as recently as late September that the commonwealth might have to reject [as many as 100,000]) mail-in ballots.
The same website reports a miserly mail-in ballot rejection rate in Georgia of [0.2%] (also as of November 5), despite the fact that it had a rejection rate during primary season earlier this year of [roughly 1%](https://www.gpb.org/news/2020/08/22/more-550000-primary-absentee-ballots-rejected-in-2020-far-out -2016. Georgia, of course, is a state where Trump currently trails Biden by roughly 12,000 raw votes.
Are we completely sure that each and every mail-in ballot that has been cast for Biden has, in fact, been in legal compliance with the relevant rules and regulations of that specific voting jurisdiction?
So during the primary, they had major problems with ballots but not during the election,