You also don’t need to. Kant already refuted all possible proofs for the existence of God.
(1) Jesus could not have survived crucifixion. Roman procedures were very careful to eliminate that possibility… It was never done.
This is a fabrication. The historian Josephus writes of finding three of his friends who had been crucified. He applied to have them taken down. One of the three lived, so saying,“It was never done,” is just not true. In fact, in Mark 15: 44, we read that Pilate wondered if Jesus was already dead. Why would it surprise him if it was what was to be expected?
That isn’t what Kreeft said. Clearly, if a human can survive being nailed to a cross, they can survive crucifixion if the people crucifying them try to cancel it quickly enough. His point here is that if the Romans crucified you to death, you died.
2) The fact that the Roman soldier did not break Jesus’ legs, as he did to the other two crucified criminals (Jn 19:31-33), means that the soldier was sure Jesus was dead.(v. 31).
A Roman soldier thought he was dead, or he was paid not to break the legs. So what? The opinion of a random, unnamed person is hardly proof of anything, especially one who could have been bribed.
The same can be said of anyone’s opinion, but the point is, an eyewitness who we don’t really have any reason to doubt thought he was dead. Could he have been bribed? Possible, but unlikely. After all, does it seem at all wise to wrap yourself up with someone so contentious for money? And he couldn’t have been the only person there to vouch for Jesus’ death. Are we to assume they were all bribed? Perhaps the soldiers who were gaurding his tomb were bribed as well? Maybe Pontius Pilate was bribed to make Jesus’ Crucifixion look fake. Perhaps everyone was bribed so as to convince the Jews. They probably drew on Jesus’ savings from carpentering.
But really, I keep coming back to the number of people who must have been around to check for this sort of thing. Which really was Kreeft’s point: the Romans were good at this sort of thing, so they probably knew how to tell when it had worked or not.
**(3) John, an eyewitness, certified that he saw blood and water come from Jesus’ pierced heart (Jn 19:34-35). **
John has a very artistic and symbolic style throughout the gospel. The blood and water are not only an allusion the the passover meal, but symbolize that Jesus was the sourse of life and purity. It would be a stretch to take them as a medical diagnosis.
But not, perhaps, as an eyewitness detail which can be used to help infer.
(4) The body was totally encased in winding sheets and entombed (Jn 19:38-42).
Jesus couldn’t escape from a linen sheet? Seriously, he wasn’t bound with his hands behind his back. Lazarus undid his own funerary garb. The tomb was such that it could be entered and exited. A single person was able to role away the stone. Joseph of Arimathea wasn’t trying to trap him.
Why would a single person have been able to move it? It’s a tomb. Presumeably, you’d only need to close it once, or at the very most not more than once every few years. And building it such that a single person could open or close it sounds like a minor feat of engineering to me.
**(5) It is psychologically impossible for the disciples to have been so transformed and confident if Jesus had merely struggled out of a swoon, badly in need of a doctor. **
“Psychologically impossible”? Glad to see he isn’t being sensationalistic. If you think that someone is dead, and they appear before you, that is going to have a profound impact no matter what condition they are in. At least, it would have a profound impact on me. If it would affect me, then it is not “psychologically impossible”, is it?
Sensationalisticaly put, but not necessarily wrong. His point isn’t that they wouldn’t be affected, but that they wouldn’t have been affected like they were. The disciples went from huddled and afraid to confident, courageous, and joyful. Had Jesus stumbled in barely alive and reeling, their reaction would have been something like, “You survived! Quick, we need to hide you!” rather than, “You are back from the dead! We need to tell the world!” It at least strains credibility to claim they had the latter reaction to a man who was scourged and crucified, and then left to lie in a tomb for three days, presumably without food or water.
(6) How were the Roman guards at the tomb overpowered by a swooning corpse? Or by unarmed disciples?
Who said they were unarmed? The gospel specifically said they were armed in Mt 26:51. Mathew is the only gospel that mentions the guards (Mt 27:62 ). The guards arrive on the dayafter Jesus was put in the tomb. Plenty of time for Jesus/the body to disappear.
(7) How could a swooning half-dead man have moved the great stone at the door of the tomb? Who moved the stone if not an angel?
Does Peter Kreeft normally attribute divine intervention to the opening of doors? I see doors open all the time without angels. But about that particular door, what about Joseph of Arimathea? Or Mary Magdalene and the other Mary? How heavy could this stone be if Joseph was the one who put it in front of the door to begin with.
It was not a door. It was a big stone that could be pushed to cover the entrance of the tomb.
the Roman guards would be killed if they let the body "escape."
Would they? Well, the body did escape, and no one records that they were killed for it.
The point is they wouldn’t have been easy to bribe, since generally one wishes to stay alive long enough to spend one’s bribery money.
Actually, what is recorded is that they were paid a large sum of money to report that the apostles stole the body when they slept. Mt 28:11. That doesn’t seem like a death sentence to me.
I doubt they were told this ahead of time. “By the way, if he escapes, we’ll bribe you a large sum of money to lie about it.” Although, I can see how that might give them incentive to keep a stern watch.
**(8) If Jesus awoke from a swoon, where did he go? **
People manage to disappear even today when we have video, fingerprints and I.D. Explain why this is a problem.
People who are heads of dissident groups and remain in the same geographical area in which they were previously active after making a seemingly-miraculous return from the dead tend to get noticed and found. I mean, one would think.