The Catholic Church affirms predestination as a ***de fide dogma ***(the **highest level **of binding theological certainty).
THE CATHOLIC DOGMA. – The predestination of the elect
Consequently, the whole future membership of heaven, down to its minutest details, has
been IRREVOCABLY FIXED FROM ALL ETERNITY. Nor could it be otherwise. For if it
were possible that a predestined individual should after all be CAST INTO HELL or that
one not predestined should in the end REACH HEAVEN, then God would have been
MISTAKEN in his foreknowledge of future events; He would **NO LONGER **be omniscient.
God’s unerring foreknowledge and foreordaining is designated in the Bible by the beautiful
figure of the “Book of Life” (liber vitæ, to biblion tes zoes). This book of life is a list which
contains the names of ALL THE ELECT and admits NEITHER ADDITIONS NO ERASURES.
(2) The second quality of predestination, the DEFINITENESS of the number of the elect,
follows NATURALLY from the first. For if the eternal counsel of God regarding the
predestined is UNCHANGEABLE, then the number of the predestined must likewise be
UNCHANGEABLE and DEFINITE, **subject NEITHER to ADDITIONS nor to
CANCELLATIONS.** Anything indefinite in the number would eo ipso imply a lack of
certitude in God’s knowledge and would DESTROY His omniscience.
Furthermore, the very nature of omniscience demands that not only the abstract number
of the elect, but also the individuals with their names and their entire career on earth,
should be present before the Divine mind from all eternity. End quote Emphasize added.
What is Catholic view on predestination?
This is an often confusing and difficult subject to address.
The bottom line is that the Catholic Church does teach that the ELECT ARE PREDESTINED,
while concomitantly, free will is respected so that God is not involved with coercion.
The best way to explain this is that God has foreknowledge of ALL those that would RESPOND to his gift of self.
While He wills all to be saved (cf. 1 Timothy 2:3), NOT ALL accept Him (also, John 1:11-12).
In addition to this foreknowledge, God also has provided **ALL THE GRACE NECESSARY **for those to be saved.
In this way, He has DETERMINED their salvation: by INSURING it.
So, in the end, God not only knows who will be saved, He “saw to it” that they were saved,
and respected the free will of those who were not. End quote. Emphasize added.
CCC 1994 “… It is the opinion of St. Augustine that "the justification of the wicked is a
greater work than the creation of heaven and earth," because "heaven and earth will pass
away but the salvation and justification of the elect … will not pass away. …”