Basilica & cathedral what's the difference?


#1

What is the difference between the two?

SamKato


#2

[quote=SamKato]What is the difference between the two?

SamKato
[/quote]

Exploring Basilicas, Cathedrals, Shrines

Short answer…Basilica, cathedral and shrine are distinct terms, but not mutually exclusive. For instance, a basilica may be a shrine, and a cathedral may be a basilica.

But the article covers it in much clearer terms. Hope that helps. :slight_smile:


#3

Hi Sam,

A cathedral is the church of a bishop, any church of any bishop. It can be large or small, gothic or not, just the church of a bishop.

A basilica is a church that has received this title from the Holy See as a special distinction among churches. A basilica is often a place of pilgrimage. Examples are St. Peter’s in Rome and St. Joseph’s Oratory in Montréal. (The pope’s cathedral, as bishop of Rome is St. John Lateran.) A church that receives the title of basilica is like a soldier that receives a medal.

A cathedral can also be a basilica. St. Joseph’s Cathedral Basilica in in San José CA is an example.

To give the title of “cathedral” to the glass mega-churches of TV preachers is about the most ridiculous thing to happen in the last few decades. These people could not tell a bishop from a rook.

Does this answer your question?

Verbum


#4

Interesting to note: Saint Peter’s basilica in Rome is not the cathedral.

The cathedral of the bishop of Rome is Saint John Lateran.


#5

I thought the Cathederal belonged to the Dean and Chapter and that the Bishop has his Seat in the Cathederal. :confused:


#6

Also important to note that there are Minor and Major Basilicas.


#7

Because of the fact that many cathedrals are also basilicas, I think many people assume that a basilica is a large or archetecturally important Church. I recently visited two basilicas in South America - one in Colombia and the other in Venezuela. They were both tiny, simple Churches - not even in major cities but they had specific spritual and pilgrim significance.


#8

Hi Pious,

I thought the [Cathedral] belonged to the Dean and Chapter and that the Bishop has his Seat in the [Cathedral]

We haven’t said that the cathedral belonged to the bishop. We said it was the bishop’s church, the church where he is a bishop. Actual property varies from country to country.

Verbum


#9

[quote=Br. Rich SFO]Also important to note that there are Minor and Major Basilicas.
[/quote]

Am I correct in believing that there are seven major basilicas, all of which are in Rome, e.g. St. John Lateran, St. Mary Major, etc. All other basilicas are minor basilicas?


#10

HI BJ,

There are 4 Major basilicas, all in Rome : St.Peter, St. John Lateran, St. Mary Major, St. Paul Outside the Walls.

Verbum


#11

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