I am a recent convert to Catholicism and am curious about the significance of Matthew 16:19 (binding and loosing). Is this the basis of Papl Infallibility (passed down from Peter)? Or was this power only conferred to Peter (and the rest of the original Apostles)?
[quote=JoePa]I am a recent convert to Catholicism and am curious about the significance of Matthew 16:19 (binding and loosing). Is this the basis of Papl Infallibility (passed down from Peter)? Or was this power only conferred to Peter (and the rest of the original Apostles)?
This is not only the basis of papal infallibility; it is the basis of reconciliation. Any old priest can loose people from their sins, if the person makes a full confession.
This is my understanding, at least.
The Roman Catholic Church has infallibly defined the interpretation of Matthew 16. The Council of Ephesus, 431 AD No one doubts, in fact, it is obvious to all ages that the holy and most Blessed Peter, head and Prince of the Apostles, the pillar of faith, and the foundation of the Catholic Church, received the keys of the kingdom from our Lord Jesus Christ, the savior and redeemer of the human race. First Vatican Council, 1870, The First Dogmatic Constitution of the Church of Christ, Chapter 2 Therefore if anyone says that the blessed Apostle Peter was not constituted by Christ the Lord as the Prince of all the Apostles and the visible head of the whole Church militant, or that he received immediately and directly from Jesus Christ our Lord only a primacy of honor and not a true and proper primacy of jurisdiction: anathema sit.
Christ continues with the conferral of the “keys” which appears to be a clear statement of a position of leadership authority. Mt 16:19-20 I will give you (singular) the keys to the kingdom of heaven. Whatever you bind on earth shall be bound in heaven; and whatever you loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven.
In Matthew 16:19 Our Lord gives St. Peter the keys to the kingdom of heaven. This act corresponds to a prophecy in Isaiah concerning Eliakim, the prime minister of Israel (Isaiah 22:20-22). As King David was a type of Christ as the King of Israel; the figure of Eliakim is a prophecy of the role of St. Peter as the prime minister of the Kingdom of God. In the time of Christ, it was the prime minister who bore the keys of the kingdom and administered the authority of the king. In the Holy Sacraments, Our Divine Lord gives His own authority to St. Peter and his successors, the popes of the Holy Church. Only those priests and ministers in union with the successor to St. Peter, the Holy Father, the Pope have the authority to bind and loose in the Holy Sacraments.
[quote=JoePa]I am a recent convert to Catholicism and am curious about the significance of Matthew 16:19 (binding and loosing). Is this the basis of Papl Infallibility (passed down from Peter)?
Partially yes, God gave us a divine office to guide His Church on earth. The infallibility of this office is partially what gives it authority. (that and it was given to us by God Himself).
Or was this power only conferred to Peter (and the rest of the original Apostles)?
And the other partially yes. Yes is the answer to both your questions. God gave the office of Peter infallibility- and authority to do His will for the Church on Earth. The office of the Holy See is infallalble in matters of Faith education. But it is authoritative, and can pass on the authority to bishops and finally to priests to do the works of the Church.
And then there is that little Apostolic Successor law enforcement part to the keys to the Kingdom.
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AnathemaIn passing this sentence, the pontiff is vested in amice, stole, and a violet cope, wearing his mitre, and assisted by twelve priests clad in their surplices and holding lighted candles. He takes his seat in front of the altar or in some other suitable place, amid pronounces the formula of anathema which ends with these words: "Wherefore in the name of God the All-powerful, Father, Son, and Holy Ghost, of the Blessed Peter, Prince of the Apostles, and of all the saints, in virtue of the power which has been given us of binding and loosing in Heaven and on earth, we deprive N-- himself and all his accomplices and all his abettors of the Communion of the Body and Blood of Our Lord, we separate him from the society of all Christians, we exclude him from the bosom of our Holy Mother the Church in Heaven and on earth, we declare him excommunicated and anathematized and we judge him condemned to eternal fire with Satan and his angels and all the reprobate, so long as he will not burst the fetters of the demon, do penance and satisfy the Church; we deliver him to Satan to mortify his body, that his soul may be saved on the day of judgment."
He who dares to despise our decision, let him be stricken with anathema maranatha, i.e. may he be damned at the coming of the Lord, may he have his place with Judas Iscariot, he and his companions.
Quoted from New Advent Catholic Encyclopedia. newadvent.org/cathen/01455e.htm
**NAB MAT 16:13 **
Jesus replied, “Blest are you, Simon son of John! No mere man has revealed this to you, but my heavenly Father. I for my part declare to you, you are ‘Rock,’ and on this rock I will build my church, and the jaws of death shall not prevail against it. I will entrust to you the keys of the kingdom of heaven. Whatever you declare bound on earth shall be bound in heaven; whatever you declare loosed on earth shall be loosed in heaven.” Then he strictly ordered his disciples not to tell anyone that he was the Messiah.**NAB REV 1:16 **
A sharp, two-edged sword came out of his mouth, and his face shone like the sun at its brightest. When I caught sight of him I fell down at his feet as though dead, he touched me with his right hand and said: “There is nothing to fear. I am the First and the Last and the One who lives. Once I was dead but now I live-- forever and ever. I hold the keys of death and the nether world.”
NAB ISA 11:4
The Rule of Immanuel[indent]He shall strike the ruthless with the rod of his mouth, and with the breath of his lips he shall slay the wicked. [/indent]**NAB JOH 20:20 **
At the sight of the Lord the disciples rejoiced. “Peace be with you,” he said again. “As the Father has sent me, so I send you.” Then he breathed on them and said: “Recieve the Holy Spirit. If you forgive men’s sins, they are forgiven them; if you hold them bound, they are held bound.” NAB MAT 5:22
What I say to you is: everyone who grows angry with his brother shall be liable to judgement; any man who uses abusive language toward his brother shall be** answerable to the Sanhedrin,** and if he holds him in contempt he risks the fires of Gehenna. **NAB MAT 18:17 **
“If he ignores them, refer it to the church . If he ignores even the church, then treat him as you would a Gentile or a tax collector. I assure you, whatever you declare bound on earth shall be held bound in heaven, and whatever you declare loosed on earth shall be held loosed in heaven.”
I wonder why we can't bind evil spirits and cast them out then bind them so they can't hurt anyone else? Some people claim this. I believe they will be bond at the End of Time by Jesus Christ. But does anyone have any idea on this.