Well, Calvin’s paradigm necessitated a belief in limited atonement because of the first two letters of T.U.L.I.P (total depravity and unconditional election). It was Calvin’s understanding that because every person [aside from Christ] is spiritually dead, nobody is capable of choosing to accept God’s gift of salvation. From this, it led him to believe that if anyone is to be saved, it must be solely by grace and solely by faith-- no works can contribute to anyone’s salvation.
So if the only way one can be saved is if God does all the work for you, by assuring your salvation the moment you’re converted, it either leads to universalism or limited atonement. He either chooses to save some or everyone. If Christ’s death on the cross was for the reprobate, it was a failure because a reprobate is predestined to not believe.
It’s confusing, I know. :whacky:
The only way you can believe in limited atonement is if you first believe in total depravity and unconditional election.