This thread will be discussing the topic of Justification. To start off I will quote Calvin’s own words:
… a man will be justified by faith when, excluded from the righteousness of works, he by faith lays hold of the righteousness of Christ, and clothed in it appears in the sight of God not as a sinner, but as righteous. Thus we simply interpret justification, as the acceptance with which God receives us into his favor as if we were righteous; and we say that this justification consists in the forgiveness of sins and the imputation of the righteousness of Christ
It is clear from the above that Calvin believed Justification entailed the sinner being considered righteous while at the same time being a sinner. This model has grace being IMPUTED to the individual. Now the question is, can God call/consider someone righteous if in fact they are not?
12For the word of God is living and active. Sharper than any double-edged sword, it penetrates even to dividing soul and spirit, joints and marrow; it judges the thoughts and attitudes of the heart. 13Nothing in all creation is hidden from God’s sight. Everything is uncovered and laid bare before the eyes of him to whom we must give account. -Heb 4
Scripture clearly teaches nothing is hidden from God’s eyes and thus “appearing in His sight…as if we were righteous” cannot be a true model of how God acts.
Catholics on the otherhand believe God’s grace is INFUSED making the individual actually righteous.