No, they do not. The Talmud’s first commandment is not actually a commandment, but the proclaimation, “I am the Lord your God.” Then they combine “no other gods” with “no graven images”, as in the Catholic numbering, and coveting stuff and coveting another’s wife, as in the Protestant numbering.
But I personally do not adhere to that type of prejudice. What I do prejudice about is that they generally do not begin or end their pray with “In the name of the Father, Son, and the Holy Spirit” or at least some recognition of our Trinitarian God.
These may seem like trivial differences to some, but they are serious issues to those of us who take these words seriously. When a government agency chooses one version over another, it implicitly chooses one religion over another, something that the First Amendment prohibits. This is the heart of the controversy.
And that is what Roy Moore did. He implicitly if not explicitly declared “Protestantism” the “State Religion”
The Ten Commandments are the first ten of the 613 commandments given by God to the Jewish people. They form the foundation of Jewish ethics, behavior and responsibility. These commandments are mentioned in order twice in the Torah - once each in the Book of Exodus and the Book of Deuteronomy.
10) Thou shalt not covet anything that belongs to thy neighbor.
Yes we can. We are Catholic by virtue of our baptism. Now, we can be in a state of sin; we can be excommunicated for very grave offenses. We can be a heretic (see previous). We can be just plain wrong on any number of issues.
But we are still Catholic if we were baptized. No matter how wrong we are.