[quote="Joannm, post:9, topic:291429"]
It is not only for those in danger of death. You could have a serious medical condition but not be in danger of death. For example, you find out you have diabetes. Currently you are not in danger of death but eventually it can be life threatening. You can receive the sacrament. It has to be a serious illness or condition. Say you broke your leg, you can get anointed.
Many people fear receiving the sacrament because they associate it with dying. We have had people refuse when they are home asking for a priest to bring them communion or hear a confession because they think you only receive the sacrament when you are in danger of dying. By refusing they deny themselves the graces of the sacrament.
I do agree that it should not be an open invitation and should be explained. I was in a parish once where they did it after a mass every week and the same people (with maybe one or two occasional new ones) came up to receive the sacrament. This went on for years and these same people were receiving it every week. Finally a new pastor announced that only those who has a serious illness or condition and hadn't been anointed in the last two or three months could come up to receive it. You can receive it again but only if your condition worsens. I think he was being too generous in telling them they could receive in two months,
Canon Law which Bookcat quoted for you earlier. See Can 1004.
THOSE ON WHOM THE ANOINTING OF THE SICK IS TO BE CONFERRED
Can. 1004 §1. The anointing of the sick can be administered to a member of the faithful who, having reached the use of reason,** begins to be in danger due to sickness or old age.**
§2. This sacrament can be repeated if the sick person, having recovered, again becomes gravely ill or if the condition becomes more grave during the same illness.
Can. 1005 This sacrament is to be administered in a case of doubt whether the sick person has attained the use of reason, is dangerously ill, or is dead.
Can. 1006 This sacrament is to be conferred on the sick who at least implicitly requested it when they were in control of their faculties.
Can. 1007 The anointing of the sick is not to be conferred upon those who persevere obstinately in manifest grave sin.