In the Catholic Answers radio program last January titled “Tough Questions from Non-Catholics” the guest answered the question of how we justify the fifth glorious mystery of the rosary (the Coronation of Mary as queen of heaven and earth) by saying that the kingdom of David is a symbolic representation of heaven. Is this a good argument?
It’s one possible argument that can be used. Personally though, I prefer to use the late Fr. Mateo’s approach to defending through Scripture the queenship of Mary in his book Refuting the Attack on Mary because it relies almost entirely on the New Testament evidence. Old Testament Marian types are helpful but are often shot down by Protestants who are leery of giving credence to types not explicitly endorsed by the New Testament (e.g., Jesus as the New Adam is explicit from the New Testament [cf. [url=“http://www.hti.umich.edu/cgi/r/rsv/rsv-idx?type=citation&book=1+Corinthians&chapno=15&startverse=45&endverse=47”]1 Cor. 15:45-47] but Mary as the New Eve is only implicit).
Fr. Mateo’s argument is based on the Annunciation where the Archangel Gabriel tells Mary in the Gospel of Luke:
“Do not be afraid, Mary, for you have found favor with God. And behold, you will conceive in your womb and bear a son, and you shall call his name Jesus. He will be great, and will be called the Son of the Most High; and the Lord God will give to him the throne of his father David, and he will reign over the house of Jacob for ever; and of his kingdom there will be no end” (Luke 1:30-33).
It is clear from the text that the expected child is to be a king; indeed the successor to David, ruler of the house of Jacob, reigning over an everlasting kingdom. Logically speaking, the only everlasting kingdom must be the kingdom of heaven. And Protestants will usually agree that Jesus is to be the eternal ruler of the kingdom of heaven, King of kings, and Lord of lords (cf. Rev. 19:10-16).
Now Catholics can introduce the idea of Mary as queen: The mother of a monarch is herself a monarch, although often derivatively from the husband and child. This was true in the ancient world and it is even true in today’s world. For example, Queen Elizabeth II of England’s mother was known as the Queen Mother because she was the wife of King George VI and the mother of Queen Elizabeth. The Queen Mother was crowned alongside her husband when he succeeded to the throne and retained all of the marks of honor due a queen (including the courtesy address “Your Majesty”) when her daughter succeeded to the throne.
If the wives and mothers of earthly monarchs can be honored as queens, there is no reason why it cannot be presumed that Mary herself is to be honored as queen of heaven and earth because of her position as the mother of the King of kings and Lord of lords, Jesus Christ.