Is there a difference? What is the difference? Why do Catholics start up so many hospitals anyway - more than any other Christian group? How is the Hospital funded? How is the Church connected with/affiliated with the Hospital (that is, by name only or promote only Catholic doctors or at least people who share the same ethics)?
The article posted was a good summary, but there are religious orders of women – and men – who, due to the experience of their founders, founded benevolent institutions. The New Advent article mentioned that the Greeks and Romans put their sick and handicapped to death, while the Judeo-Christian tradition had more compassion and opened hospitals.
Modern canon law says that if you see an issue demanding justice, and you have to associate to address the issue, JUST DO IT. I call it the “imperative canon.” This is usually how the ubiquitous Catholic hospitals got their start. Although, in the US, that’s not always the case.
Bishops also found hospitals as part of the pastoral plan for their dioceses. If you read the 1930 – or even the 1913 edition – of Elinor Tong Dehey’s “Religious Orders of Women in the United States” she tells the stories of the religious orders and the American western expansion.
I think beliefs play an important role in behavior. The article says that the ancient Greeks and Romans put their sick and handicapped to death, because sickness was thought to be divine punishment. In Christianity, Jesus often exalts the weak and helpless, and humbles the self-righteous and arrogant. I think that sort of philosophy may have influenced what people thought about disease and how to treat it.
Additionally, the article notes that the Oriental nations, which I presume to be India and other Buddhist-influenced societies, take care of the sick as well.