Last year, millions took to the streets over seven months to protest against a bill that would have allowed extraditions to mainland China. Many of the protests turned violent. The bill was eventually paused, and then withdrawn.
Pro-democracy activists fear the law will be used to muzzle protests in defiance of the freedoms enshrined in the Basic Law, as similar laws in China are used to silence opposition to the Communist Party
The BBC’s China correspondent, Robin Brant, says that what makes the situation so incendiary is that Beijing can simply bypass Hong Kong’s elected legislators and impose the changes.
When the people of Hong Kong were given the chance to vote in local elections last year, they voted by a majority against the communist regime.
Seventeen of the 18 district councils are now controlled by pro-democracy councillors, according to local media.
The election, the first since the wave of anti-Beijing protests began, saw an unprecedented turnout of more than 71%.
Pro-democracy candidates won close to 60% of the total vote on Sunday