Mgr Yang is the new, Holy See-approved bishop coadjutor. Nine prelates, all in communion with the Pope, were present at the ceremony. The new bishop is also vice-rector of Xi’an seminary. Most Catholics in the diocese are from farming communities, dispersed across the plateaus of northern Shaanxi. Yan’an has a glorious place in China’s Communist history. At the end of the Long March, it was for a while the stronghold of the Revolution.