1291 A custom of the Roman Church facilitated the development of the Western practice: a double anointing with sacred chrism after Baptism. The first anointing of the neophyte on coming out of the baptismal bath was performed by the priest; it was completed by a second anointing on the forehead of the newly baptized by the bishop. The first anointing with sacred chrism, by the priest, has remained attached to the baptismal rite; it signifies the participation of the one baptized in the prophetic, priestly, and kingly offices of Christ. If Baptism is conferred on an adult, there is only one post-baptismal anointing, that of Confirmation.
For infants, the Sacrament of Baptism in the Roman Liturgy, includes chrismation. For adults that receive all three Sacraments of Initiation (Baptism, Confirmation, and Eucharist) at the Easter Vigil, the anointing with sacred chrism is not done during the Baptismal rite, but is done instead in the Confirmation Rite.
**Catechism of the Catholic Church
The mystagogy of the celebration [of Baptism]
1234 ** The meaning and grace of the sacrament of Baptism are clearly seen in the rites of its celebration. By following the gestures and words of this celebration with attentive participation, the faithful are initiated into the riches this sacrament signifies and actually brings about in each newly baptized person. …
1241 The anointing with sacred chrism, perfumed oil consecrated by the bishop, signifies the gift of the Holy Spirit to the newly baptized, who has become a Christian, that is, one “anointed” by the Holy Spirit, incorporated into Christ who is anointed priest, prophet, and king.
1242 In the liturgy of the Eastern Churches, the post-baptismal anointing is the sacrament of Chrismation (Confirmation). In the Roman liturgy the post- baptismal anointing announces a second anointing with sacred chrism to be conferred later by the bishop Confirmation, which will as it were “confirm” and complete the baptismal anointing.
I have a copy of the Roman Ritual that gives the instruction for the priestly annointing of the infant with Sacred Chrism during the Sacrament of Baptism. It says this:Then dipping his hands in the Holy Chrism, and anointing the child on the crown of the head in the form of a Cross, he says:
Deus omnipotens, Pater Domini nostri Jesu Christi, qui te regeneravit ex aqua et Spiritu Sancto, quique dedit tibi remissionem, omnium peccatorum (here he annoints), ipse te liniat chrismate salutis in eodem Christo Jesu Domino nostro, in vitam æternam. Can someone translate the Latin for me?
How different is this annointing prayer from what the Orthodox pray when they give chrismation to infants?