I’m in a discussion with someone about the influence of Christianity on the development of science. My position is that Christendom was the birthplace of modern science because Christianity was the only religion to teach that a rational god created a rational universe. He disagrees, claiming that Christianity has always opposed the development of modern science.
For example, he says that modern science was invented by Copernicus, Galileo or Newton. I’ve already pointed out that they all came out of Christendom, and they stood on the shoulders of others.
Can anyone point me to good essays or books about the early development of science in the middle ages? I’m hoping to get names, places, times, etc.