I have heard about how the canon is the measuring stick, and how it is the inspired word of God. I have read about the two councils of Hippo and Carthage regarding the canon that would later become binding with the Council of Trent.
However, considering that many Orthodox have a different canon from the first millennium, and certain orthodox communions actually having different canons from other Orthodox communions, I’m getting somewhat confused on what a biblical canon is, and how the NT canon developed. I get even more confused by the different definitions of the canon.
My questions have many layers, so please bear with me.
What is a biblical canon by definition in the first millennium? Is it the list of books to be used liturgically, or just all inspired books from God? (or is it some other definition that allows inspired works to be non-canonical???) I have heard a Protestant say it’s all the inspired word of God, while I have heard Orthodox say they are works to be used liturgically (so there are inspired works not in the canon?). At least in the first millennium, what is a biblical canon?
Why weren’t books such as the Shephard of Hermas or the Didache not included in the NT for Christians in general? I understand that such works were not included because of the Council of Hippo and Carthage that maintained the 27 books of the NT that we know today but…
…wouldn’t these councils have little influence on the Eastern Churches? How is it that both the East and West ended with the same NT canon of 27 books???