[quote="anrmenchaca47, post:1, topic:310757"]
I'm hoping someone caught this episode on the History Channel...it was a long time ago and I have vague recollection....so here goes.
I was watching the History Channel and I came across an episode in which there were "experts" talking about about how Constantine didn't have anything to do with Christianity by studying this big architectual building with a type of stone mural built on top...The building looks like a big box with an arched walk way underneath and at the very top there was, a mural carved from stone that was said to have come from the time of Constantine.
What they were basically trying to do is disprove that Constantine did not have a vision of God in which he therefore used the cross as the symbol in one of his battles, which supposedly is the carved mural at the top of this building, by pointing out that none of the figures at the top had a cross on the shield since this would have been depicted.
If anyone caught this episode here is my question:
Are the "experts" correct in saying that Constantine was a phony just because the carved figures didn't display the symbol of the cross which disproves him?
That was the Arch of Constantine. It is true that the arch describes his victory in the Battle of Milvian Bridge in very ambiguous terms ("he, inspired by the divine, and by the greatness of his mind, has delivered the state from the tyrant and all of his followers at the same time, with his army and just force of arms...") and does not display overt Christian imagery.
The Arch of Constantine
Frieze depicting the Siege of Verona. Note the winged Nike/Victoria figure among the soldiers on the left.
Roundel portraying the sun god Sol Invictus
In fact, Constantine's official coinage continues to bear images of Sol Invictus along with other pagan/secular imagery as was customary until the mid-320s, at which point we begin to see the Chi-Rho displayed prominently (although we already see what looks like crosses and Chi-Rhos from coins slightly earlier than this).
Coin from 313-314 depicting Sol Invictus with the legend Soli Invicto Comiti ("To the Unconquered Sun, companion")
Coin from 319 showing Victory holding wreath and palm branch, with the inscription Victoria Augg. nn. (Victoria Augusti nostri, "Victory of our Emperors")
Coin from 318-319 showing two Victories facing one another, together holding shield inscribed Vot(a) P(opuli) R(omani) "Vows of the Roman People" on altar inscribed with equilateral cross
Coin from 327 showing the Chi-rho atop a standard impaling a snake
From 336, showing the Chi-Rho on standard
What that program is doing however is an argument from silence. Not good.