On the howstuffworks website, this is a theory on how a teleporter device could work:*The laws of physics may even make it impossible to create a transporter that enables a person to be sent instantaneously to another location, which would require travel at the speed of light.
For a person to be transported, a machine would have to be built that can pinpoint and analyze all of the 10(28)atoms that make up the human body. That’s more than a trillion trillion atoms. This machine would then have to send this information to another location, where the person’s body would be reconstructed with exact precision. Molecules couldn’t be even a millimeter out of place, lest the person arrive with some severe neurological or physiological defect.*Walk with me through a thought exercise.
If this machine ever existed, and the person was reconstructed elsewhere in space, would it mean the person didn’t have a soul if he was still “animate” after reconstruction? (i.e. because the machine can only transport that which is physical)
Or would an “animate” reconstructed person tell us nothing about the soul because either A) the person could be reconstructed as a soul-less biological living animal; B) the soul, being incorporeal, could simply remain with the reconstructed “body” that is “him/her” because the soul remains “attached” to the molecules being duplicated; C) God, being the one who provides the soul, could facilitate transference of the soul to the reconstructed body; D) something else.