[quote=PhilVaz]OK, I’ll vote Darwinian evolution, which I’ll define as follows from the July 2004 International Theological Commission statement
RATZINGER: “Since it has been demonstrated that all living organisms on earth are genetically related, it is virtually certain that all living organisms have descended from this first organism. Converging evidence from many studies in the physical and biological sciences furnishes mounting support for some theory of evolution to account for the development and diversification of life on earth, while controversy continues over the pace and mechanisms of evolution…In freely willing to create and conserve the universe, God wills to activate and to sustain in act all those secondary causes whose activity contributes to the unfolding of the natural order which he intends to produce. Through the activity of natural causes, God causes to arise those conditions required for the emergence and support of living organisms, and, furthermore, for their reproduction and differentiation…But it is important to note that, according to the Catholic understanding of divine causality, true contingency in the created order is not incompatible with a purposeful divine providence. Divine causality and created causality radically differ in kind and not only in degree. Thus, even the outcome of a truly contingent natural process can nonetheless fall within God’s providential plan for creation.” (paragraphs 62-70, excerpts from Communion and Stewardship)
A vote for Darwinian evolution is a vote for the Pope.
(1) Macroevolution (descent with modification) of all existing life on this planet from a first life some 3 billion years ago is called “virtually certain”
(2) The evidence for macroevolution (descent with modification) is well supported from converging evidence from many sciences.
(3) God can create and act through natural causes and this is compatible with divine providence.
DARWIN: “There is grandeur in this view of life, with its several powers, having been originally breathed by the Creator into a few forms or into one; and that, whilst this planet has gone cycling on according to the fixed law of gravity, from so simple a beginning endless forms most beautiful and most wonderful have been, and are being, evolved.” (Charles Darwin, Origin of Species, chapter 14, last sentence, maintained from 2nd to 6th and final edition of 1872)
I’m all for an “intelligent designer” (e.g. specifically, the God of the Bible) but is “Intelligent Design” scientific? No, it hasn’t made it’s case to the scientific community yet. Michael Behe (along with William Dembski) is probably the best they got, but even he accepts descent with modification, including human evolution. See his many debates with (Catholic biologist) Kenneth Miller from Brown Univ.
Some Theologians On All This:
(for a Calvinist account) ##