**On November 30, 1941, in an address to the Pontifical Academy of Sciences, Pope Pius XII identified three elements that must be retained as certainly attested by the Sacred Author of Genesis, without any possibility of allegorical interpretation:
- The essential superiority of man in relation to other animals, by reason of his spiritual soul.
- Derivation in some way of the first woman from the first man.
- The impossibility that the immediate father or progenitor of man could have been other than a human being, that is, the impossibility that the first man could have been the son of an animal, generated by the latter in the proper sense of the term. **
The first is, of course consistent with evolution.
The second assertion is not Catholic doctrine. It may be viewed as historical, or as an allegory.
He causes a deep sleep to fall upon him, and taking out one of the ribs, forms it into a woman, who, when she is brought to him, is recognized at once as bone of his bone and flesh of his flesh. A discussion of the arguments in favor of thehistorical, or the more or less allegorical character of this narrative would be beyond the scope of the present notice. Suffice it to say that the biblical account has always been looked upon by pious commentators as embodying, besides the fact of man’s origin, a deep, practical and many-sided significance, bearing on the mutual relationship established between the sexes by the Creator. Catholic Encyclopedia
The third has no meaning in science, since humans are animals. We are merely animals who have been given immortal souls by God. The Church allows that we may have evolved as a species, but our souls did not.
Pope Benedict has written that humans evolved. But that is not yet a doctrine. You may deny it if you like.