Here are some of my notes on the first half of the talk.
Grammar mistakes and all Lol. Maybe someone will improve it.
It was in the 16th Century that the malignment of the Crusades began. Luther who was opposed to whatever was associated with the Pope .
[Indeed, Luther argued that **to fight the Muslims was to fight Christ himself, for it was he who had sent the Turks to punish Christendom for its faithlessness.]
Enlightenment period French and British authors use a [false caricature] of the Crusades to attach the Church.
Anti religious writers create false narrative of the Crusades
Voltaire claimed that it was superstitious religious zealots who had nothing better to do then to travel 2500 miles to grab land from peaceful Muslims
Edward Gibbon and David Hume in the 18th Century
began the use of term “Crusades.”
The actual Crusaders never used that term. They only recognized themselves as
“Those signed with the Cross.”
They sowed crosses on their clothing to represent their
Vow to God. The came to Liberate those in Jerusalem,
Not to convert Muslims. It was a war of liberation and restoration.
Christian had been in the territory in Iraq, Syria, Middle east, since the time of first century, but then in 600’s the Muslims overran the area.
Byzantine emperor wrote letter to the Pope asking for forces to fight against the advancing Muslims
The Christians of this time were backward.
Muslim overlords used Christian subjects and the advancements of Christian culture to their, Muslim, advantage.
It was a Byzantine architect who had designed the Dome of the Rock
Muslims accreted the technological advances of the Christian people they had conquered.
Persians had considered the Muslims barbarians. Persians had to write the first grammar for the Muslims.
Syrian Monks translated books into Arabic for the Muslims.
Muslims Persecuted the indigenous Christians in the Middle East.
12,000 pilgrims laid down their weapons before beginning the journey as a penitential pilgrimage. They were Brutally massacred outside of Jerusalem.
It cost 4 times a persons annual income to go on a Crusade.
Reasons for going on pilgrimage :
Love of God, Love of the Church, fellow Christians who were being persecuted in Jerusalem, and love for themselves as they offered themselves and their lives for the spiritual rewards of an indulgence so they could get closer to God.
The Crusaders Went To make a lot of money.
Most who managed to come back alive were more impoverished than when they left.
There was NO material benefit for most of the Crusaders
The reason why the Crusades happened was because of a population explosion.
The First born sons inherited all the land.
The Second and third born sons were left to fight each other because they could not inherent territory or material wealth or anything, and so to get them to stop fighting one another the Church marshalled them together to go fight against Islam and to gain territory and wealth over there.
Jonathan Riley Smith
has showed that overwhelming it was the firstborn sons who went on the Crusades.
Those who had most to lose, went on the crusades,
Example Richard the Lionhearted, King of England went on the crusade, but he did not gain anything materially from it. His younger brother is known as John Lackland.
[He was called “Lackland” because as a younger brother he did not receive any inheritance as he three older brothers did.]
John Lackland did not go on the crusade.
Most crusaders went back home after they completed their vow.
Those who remained knew they had to work with the Muslims that were around them. Some Christians are amazed to learn about the alliances that were made by these remaining Crusaders with some Muslims in opposition to other Muslims who wanted to kill them. These alliances, however, show that the Crusaders did not hate the Muslims. They did not oppose all Muslims. They did NOT come to try to convert the Muslims or to drive them off the land. Their purpose was to restore the freedom of worship to the Christians who had always been in the Middle East
[as well as to restore the safety of the Pilgrims who traveled there in peace since the time of Christ.]
El Cid and other in Spain did the same thing as well. They worked with the friendlier Muslims
Similarly, the USA today works with friendlier Muslims.
The Crusades were Not about hating Muslims.
They were Not about trying to convert Muslims.
Fr. Mitch Pacwa praises this new book THE GLORY OF THE CRUSADES
by Historian Steve Weidenkopf because he shows a deeper Understanding of the Crusades by seeing and writing through the lens of those who lived it.
Rather than through the lens of the anti-Catholic rhetoric of those who used the crusades to attack the Church.
The Crusaders could not get an indulgence if they went for glory or for greed.
To gain an Indulgence Pope Urban II required that they NOT go to gain any benefit materially and not to go to gain a better reputation for themself.