● …"…The Gospel today presents the parable of the Good Samaritan. To mediate on a parable is the same thing as to deepen into our life to discover in it the call of God. In describing the long journey of Jesus to Jerusalem (Lk 9, 51 to 19, 28), Luke helps the communities to understand better in what the Good News of the Kingdom consists. He does it by presenting persons who come to speak with Jesus and ask him questions. These are real questions of the people of the time of Jesus and they are also real questions of the communities of the time of Luke. Thus, today in the Gospel, a doctor of the law asks: “*What should I do to inherit eternal life?” *The response, both of the doctor and that of Jesus, helps to understand better the objective of the Law of God.
● Luke 10, 25-26: *“What should I do to inherit eternal life?” *A Doctor, who knew the law wants to test Jesus and asks him: *“What should I do to inherit eternal life?” *The doctor thinks that he has to do something in order to be able to inherit. He wants to obtain the inheritance through his own personal effort. But an inheritance is not merited. We receive an inheritance by the simple fact of being son or daughter. “Therefore, you are no longer a slave, but a son, and if a son, then an heir by God’s own act”. (Ga 4, 7). As sons and daughters we can do nothing to merit the inheritance. We can lose it!
● Luke 10, 27-28: *The answer of the Doctor. Jesus responds asking a new question: "What is written in the Law? *The doctor responds correctly. Uniting two phrases of the Law, he says: *“You must love the Lord your God with all your heart, with all your soul, with all your strength and with all your mind, and your neighbour as yourself”. *This phrase comes from Deuteronomy (Dt 6, 5) and from Leviticus (Lv 19,18). Jesus approves the response and says: “*Do this and life is yours!” *What is important, the principal thing is to love God! But God comes to me in my neighbour. The neighbour is the revelation of God for me. And because of this, I have to love my neighbour also with all my heart, with all my soul and with all my strength and with all my mind!
● Luke 10, 29: *“And who is my neighbour?” *Wanting to justify himself, the doctor asks: *“And who is my neighbour?” *He wants to know: “In which neighbour God comes to me?” That is, which is the person close to me who is the revelation of God for me? For the Jews the expression “neighbour” was linked to the clan, it was not a neighbour. Anyone who did not belong to the clan was not a neighbour. According to Deuteronomy, they could exploit the “foreigner”, but not the “neighbour” (Dt 15, 1-3). Proximity was based on bonds of race and of blood. Jesus has a different way of seeing which he expresses in the parable of the Good Samaritan.
● Luke 10, 30-36: The parable.
a) Luke 10, 30: *The attack along the road of Jerusalem toward Jericho. *The Desert of Judah is between Jerusalem and Jericho, which is the refuge of rebels, marginalized and attacked. Jesus tells a real fact which had happened many times. "A man was on his way down from Jerusalem to Jericho and fell into the hands of bandits; they stripped him, beat him and then made off, leaving him half dead".
b) Luke 10, 31-32: *A priest passed by travelling on the same road, then a Levite passed by. *By chance a priest passed by and, immediately after a Levite. They are officials of the Temple of the official religion. Both of them saw the man who had been attacked, but passed by, and did nothing. Why did they do nothing? Jesus does not say it. He allows one to guess with whom to identify oneself. This must have happened many times, in the time of Jesus as well as in the time of Luke. This also happens today: a person from the Church goes by close to a poor person without helping him. It could also be that the priest and the Levite had a justification: “He is not my neighbour!” or, “he is impure and if I touch him, I will also be impure”. And today: “If I help him, I will lose the Sunday Mass and will commit a mortal sin!”
c) Luke 10, 33-35: *A Samaritan passed by. *Immediately after a Samaritan who was travelling passed by. He saw the man and moved with compassion, he got close, bandaged his wounds, lifted him onto his own mount and took him to an inn and looked after him during the night and the following day he took out two denarii and handed them to the innkeeper, that was the salary of ten days and he tells him: *“Look after him and on my way back I will make good any extra expenses you have!” *This is the concrete and effective action. It is the progressive action: to arrive, to see, to be moved with compassion, to get close and to act. The parable says *“A Samaritan who was travelling”. *Jesus was also travelling up to Jerusalem. Jesus is the Good Samaritan. The communities should be the Good Samaritan.
● Luke 10, 36-37: *Which of these three do you think proved himself a neighbour to the man who fell into the bandits’ hands?" *At the beginning the Doctor had asked: *“Who is my neighbour?” *Behind the question was the concern for him. He wanted to know: God orders me to love whom, in a way to be able to …"…
…to conclude above go to here and scroll downt to “3) Reflection”.