Background information to today’s Gospel:
With insight into The Our Father
● In yesterday’s Gospel, we saw Mary sitting at the feet of Jesus, listening to his word. Anyone who listens to the Word of God has to give a response in prayer. In this way, today’s Gospel continues with the Gospel of yesterday the narrating of the account in which Jesus, because of his way of prayer, communicates to the disciples the desire to pray, to learn to pray from him.
● Luke 11, 1: Jesus, example of prayer. “One day, Jesus was in a certain place praying and when he had finished one of his disciples said to him: â€˜Lord, teach us to pray, as John taught his disciples’”. This petition of the disciples is strange, because at that time people learnt to pray since they were small. Everyone prayed three times a day, in the morning, at noon and in the evening. They prayed very much using the Psalms. They had their devotional practices, they had the Psalms, they had weekly meetings in the Synagogue and daily encounters at home. But it seemed that this was not enough. The disciple wanted more: “*Teach us to pray!” *In the attitude of Jesus he discovers that he could still advance more, and that for this he needed some initiation. The desire to pray was in all of them, but the way of praying needs a help. The way of praying attains maturity throughout life and changes through the centuries. Jesus was a good teacher: He taught how to pray with the words and with the witness.
● Luke 11, 2-4: *The prayer of the Our Father. "Jesus answers: “When you pray this is what you have to say: Father, may your name be held holy, your kingdom come; give us each day our daily bread, and forgive us our sins, for we ourselves forgive each one who is in debt with us. And do not put us to the test”. *In the Gospel of Matthew, in quite a didactic way, Jesus summarizes all his teaching in seven petitions addressed to the Father. Here in Luke’s Gospel the petitions are five. In these five requests, Jesus repeats the great promises of the Old Testament and asks that the Father help us to fulfil them. The first three (or two) speak to us about our relationship with God. The other four (or three) speak to us about the relationship among us.
Mt â€“ Lc: Introduction: Our Father who are in heaven
Mt â€“ Lc: 1st request: Hallowed be your Name
Mt â€“ Lc: 2nd request: Your Kingdom come
Mt: 3rd request: Your will be done
Mt â€“ Lc: 4th request: Our daily bread
Mt â€“ Lc: 5th request: Forgive our offences
Mt â€“ Lc: 6th request: Lead us not into temptation
Mt: 7th request: Deliver us from evil
● Father (Our): The title expresses the new relationship with God (Father). It is the basis of …
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