No idea if they could, but I would like to point to one that should. Saint Boniface.
English Bishop Winfred was sent by Pope Gregory II in 723 AD to Geisar, Germany. After cutting down the oak they had decorated for the winter solstice in their Pagan tradition, he told them to take a fir tree into their home to appease them. This was not even the Pontiff, but a Bishop, and was not done under the Pontiff’s order.
God’s second commandment:
Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image, or any likeness of any thing that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth. Exodus 20:4
“Idolatry is a pejorative term for the worship of an idol or a physical object such as a cult image as a god, or practices believed to verge on worship, such as giving honour and regard to created forms.” -Wikipedia
The argument being that this Bishop instructed the people to take the fir trees in order to appease their anger over his action, therefore exchanging one idol for another. In pointing to the enormity of this sin, I refer you to Matthew 5:17-20
17 Think not that I am come to destroy the law, or the prophets: I am not come to destroy, but to fulfil.
18 For verily I say unto you, Till heaven and earth pass, one jot or one tittle shall in no wise pass from the law, till all be fulfilled.
19 Whosoever therefore shall break one of these least commandments, and shall teach men so, he shall be called the least in the kingdom of heaven: but whosoever shall do and teach them, the same shall be called great in the kingdom of heaven.
20 For I say unto you, That except your righteousness shall exceed the righteousness of the scribes and Pharisees, ye shall in no case enter into the kingdom of heaven.
Jesus Christ himself has called this act serious enough that this Bishop can only be seen by Christians as least in heaven, not the highest. That is HIS judgment, not mine, and certainly not the Church’s right to contradict.
Not only has he led a village to display a false idol contrary to God’s law, it has led to much of today’s WORLD doing so.
Neither the Pope, nor any MAN on earth have the right or jurisdiction to contradict God’s law or his son’s, my savior, Jesus Christ.