The is also, however, the hypothesis that in the days of Isaiah, the first name Cyrus ( Kurush Persian , Hebrew and greek Kowresh Kyros ) were nothing more than a common name meaning *king , chief, lord, master , guide, man mighty in words and in deeds, pastor , throne, shining star .
Moreover, even in ancient greek " kyros " , in addition to indicating the name of the king Cyrus, also meant "power , power, supremacy , absolute authority " and was the probable origin of the well-known term " Kyrios " ( lord, master , chief ) .
The possibility of misunderstand the proper name " Kyros " with the common names " Kyros " and " Kyrios " was described well by Jerome, who tells us how many translations Greek and Latin had been erroneously attributed to Christ the prophecies related to Cirus ( Jerome, Commentary to Isaiah, Chapter 45 , 1).
And is therefore possible that Isaiah’s prophecy has designated as a liberator a** generic king of the Persians** , people located to the east of Mesopotamia and able to dominate, at least within two centuries, on the Assyrian and Babylonian empires .
In fact, the first mention of the Persians comes from an ancient Assyrian inscription (dating back to 844 BC) in which they are called Parsu and are present together with the Medes, in the region of Lake Urmia.
According to the authoritative testimony of the Jewish historian Flavius Josephus, the Persian king Cyrus was very asthonished reading the prophecies written two centuries earlier by Isaiah, and just reading these prophecies decided to release the Jewish people Josephus , Antiquities of the Jews , XI , 5-7 ] .