In John 11:24 Martha says to Jesus: “Martha said to him, “I know that he will rise again in the resurrection on the last day.” Speaking of Lazarus who has passed away. DiD Jews believe in bodily resurrection then or do they now? Thank you.
Yes, the Jewish people (except for the Sadducees) did believe in the resurrection of the dead at the final judgment.
Many of those who sleep in the dust of the earth shall awake; Some to everlasting life, others to reproach and everlasting disgrace.
- Daniel 12:2
Traditional Jewish prayers also make reference to resurrection:
You are mighty forever, my L-rd; You resurrect the dead; You are powerful to save.
-The Shemoneh Esrei
And it was included in Maimonides’ 13 Principles of Faith.
Orthodox and Conservative sects of Judaism still hold to the resurrection of the dead, Reform Judiasm generally interprets resurrection differently.