Did the Catholic church compiled the final list of officialized Bible contents and the first Bibles?


#1

As in Bible in a modern sense which is the compilation of Christian writings based on the list made by the early Christians from the synod of Hippo, like what Catholics use today and what Protestants use as New Testament. I asked a similar question before, but I just need to confirm if it’s the Catholic church.


#2

Hi!
…until the 16th century there existed but one Church; only after Luther’s revolt (called Protestant reformation) was there such a schism as to be defined: Catholic and non-Catholic.

While many want to ascribe some imaginary period where there were “Christians” different from Catholics early in Church History, the reality is that the Catholic Church has the historical continuity that Christ Himself Professed:

18 And I say to thee: That thou art Peter; and upon this rock I will build my church, and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it. 19 And I will give to thee the keys of the kingdom of heaven. And whatsoever thou shalt bind upon earth, it shall be bound also in heaven: and whatsoever thou shalt loose upon earth, it shall be loosed also in heaven. (St. Matthew 16:18-19)

Though there were several periods that defined the content of the Canon, the final adoption arrived:

The final process of this Canon’s development had been twofold: positive, in the permanent consecration of several writings which had long hovered on the line between canonical and apocryphal; and negative, by the definite elimination of certain privileged apocrypha that had enjoyed here and there a canonical or quasi-canonical standing. In the reception of the disputed books a growing conviction of Apostolic authorship had much to do, but the ultimate criterion had been their recognition as inspired by a great and ancient division of the Catholic Church. Thus, like Origen, St. Jerome adduces the testimony of the ancients and ecclesiastical usage in pleading the cause of the Epistle to the Hebrews (De Viris Illustribus, lix). There is no sign that the Western Church ever positively repudiated any of the New Testament deuteros; not admitted from the beginning, these had slowly advanced towards a complete acceptance there. On the other hand, the apparently formal exclusion of Apocalypse from the sacred catalogue of certain Greek Churches was a transient phase, and supposes its primitive reception. Greek Christianity everywhere, from about the beginning of the sixth century, practically had a complete and pure New Testament canon. (See EPISTLE TO THE HEBREWS; EPISTLES OF ST. PETER; EPISTLE OF JAMES; EPISTLE OF JUDE; EPISTLES OF JOHN; APOCALYPSE.) (newadvent.org/cathen/03274a.htm)

Latin Fathers[edit]
The first council that accepted the present Catholic canon (the Canon of Trent) may have been the Synod of Hippo Regius in North Africa (393). A brief summary of the acts was read at and accepted by the Councils of Carthage in 397 and 419.[38] These councils were under the authority of St. Augustine, who regarded the canon as already closed.[39] Pope Damasus I’s Council of Rome in 382, if the Decretum Gelasianum is correctly associated with it, issued a biblical canon identical to that mentioned above,[33] or if not, the list is at least a 6th-century compilation.[40] Likewise, Damasus’ commissioning of the Latin Vulgate edition of the Bible, c. 383, was instrumental in the fixation of the canon in the West.[41]

In a letter (c. 405) to Exsuperius of Toulouse, a Gallic bishop, Pope Innocent I mentioned the sacred books that were already received in the canon.[42] When these bishops and councils spoke on the matter, however, they were not defining something new, but instead “were ratifying what had already become the mind of the Church.”[43] Thus, from the 4th century, there existed unanimity in the West concerning the New Testament canon (as it is today),[44] and by the 5th century the East, with a few exceptions, had come to accept the Book of Revelation and thus had come into harmony on the matter of the New Testament canon.[45] (en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Biblical_canon)

Maran atha!

Angel


#3

Yes, the canon promulgated at Hippo and Carthage became the official canon of the west. Trent reaffirmed it.(though Protestants later made their own canon). It never successfully spread into the east though. That is why there is no official agreed upon canon in the Eastern Orthodox Church.


#4

This is going to be a roundabout answer, but:

The ones who affirmed the canon of Scripture Hippo and Carthage were Nicene Christians (not gnostics or Arians or whatever). And since the Catholic Church claims continuity with 4th-5th century Nicene Christianity (in fact Christianity before that), from a Catholic perspective, then yes, it is the Catholic Church.


#5

Hi, Patrick!
It is not Catholic perspective if its actual history:

Saint Justin, also known as Justin Martyr (100–165), was an early Christian apologist, and is regarded as the foremost interpreter of the theory of the Logos in the 2nd century.[2] He was martyred, alongside some of his students, and is considered a saint by the Roman Catholic Church,[3] the Anglican Church,[4] and the Eastern Orthodox Church.[5] (en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Justin_Martyr)

The First Apology is dated to between 155-157 CE, based on the reference to Felix as a recent prefect of Egypt
Early Church Practices[edit]
The First Apology provides one of the most detailed accounts of contemporary Christian practice. Those that are baptized are “brought by us where there is water,” where they are “born again in the same manner of rebirth by which we ourselves were born again.”[14] After the discussion of baptism, Justin describes the practice of the Eucharist, as well as the miracle of transubstantiation, in which “we have been taught that the food eucharistized through the word of prayer that is from Him, from which our blood and flesh are nourished by transformation, is the flesh and blood of Jesus who became incarnate.”[15] Finally, he provides information on the weekly Sunday meetings of the congregation, consisting of readings from the Jewish prophets and “the memoirs of the apostles”, prayers, and a meal.[16] (en.wikipedia.org/wiki/First_Apology_of_Justin_Martyr)

…the Succession of the Apostles is rooted in history–as is the development of Church Doctrine and Practice.

Maran atha!

Angel


#6

The canon of the biblical script is highly regarded as the highest biblical theology of the sacred times.


closed #7

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