What is the difference between the time that Jesus breathed the Holy Spirit to the Apostles from the time of Pentecost? I have an idea of what it means but I just want to be clear of what it truly is.
Ver. 22. Receive ye the Holy Ghost. It was said, (John vii. 39.) that the Spirit was not yet given, because Jesus was not glorified. The sense must needs be, that the holy Spirit was not given in that solemn manner, nor with so large an effusion of spiritual gifts and graces, till the day of Pentecost, after Christ’s ascension: but the just, at all times, from the beginning of the world, were sanctified by the grace of the Holy Ghost, as no doubt the apostles were, before this time. Now at this present, he gave them the power of forgiving sins. (Witham) — Some say, that our Saviour did not then confer the Holy Ghost on his disciples, but only prepared them for the receiving of the Holy Ghost. But surely we may understand, that even then they received some portion of spiritual grace, the power, not indeed of raising the dead, and working other miracles, but of forgiving sins. (St. Chrysostom, hom. lxxxv. in Joan.) — St. Cyril of Alexandria, speaking of the remission of sins, promised in this text, asks, “How then, or why, did Christ impart to his disciples a power, which belongs to the divinity alone? It seemed good to him, that they, who had within themselves his divine Spirit, should likewise possess the power of forgiving sins, and of retaining such as they judged expedient; that Holy Spirit, according to his good pleasure, forgiving and retaining, through the ministry of men.” (In Joan. lib. xii. chap. 1.)
Jesus said to them “Peace be with you, as the Father has sent Me, so I send you.” And when He had said this, He breathed on them and said to them "Receive the Holyn Spirit, whose sins you shall forgive they are forgiven them, whose sins you retain are retained. "
Jesus was given power over Heaven and Earth, by the Father, So now the disciples new spiritual life came from Jesus.i.e. they were given the ability to speak in different tongues and understand. For in dying for our sins, His Father, our Father had put our lives in Jesus’s hands " For no one gets to the Father except through Me. God bless you.
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