I heard the other day on EWTN than Jesus quoted from the Septuagint and I know that, as Catholics; we accept the Septuagint as canon. This got me to thinking: What was the canon during Second Temple Judaism?
I ask because I heard Fr Larry Richards, also the other day on EWTN; said that the Septuagint was the canon during those times and that the Sadducees had revised the canon after the Bar Kochba Revolt of 132 AD in favor of the Masoretic Text. That this was because that the omitted 7 books dealt with the afterlife and the Sadducees didn’t believe in an afterlife.
As a corollary question: Why did the Protestants remove these 7 OT books from their canon?
I heard that this was because they decided on the Masoretic Text as well; believing it was a more accurate translation.
In addition: I heard that Luther wanted to remove the Epistle of Saint James because he called it, if I remember right; the “ Epistle of Straw “ because it conflicts with his faith alone doctrine.
Who stopped him from doing that?
For the Protestant canon questions: I mean no attack or disrespect; just an honest set of questions.