In the past I have accepted the Trinity Doctrine on faith, but the more I read the Bible, the more I am having trouble accepting this belief. This is a problem for me because it is one of the most important doctrines to Catholicism. I have also been reading about other views of the trinity and Jesus lately (Pentecostal Oneness, the views of JWs, Christian Science, and Unitarians on Jesus). None of these doctrines make sense to me, but it does not make the trinity doctrine any easier.
My issues (some with related verses):
There is only one god. The father is God. Jesus is the Son, not the father. If the father is God how can two other persons (Jesus and the Holy Spirit) also be God? (1 Cor 8:6, Eph 4:6)
Jesus prays to God. I know this is a common argument, but I have never heard a good refutation for it.
Jesus is the Mediator between man and God. (1 Tim 2:5). A mediator by definition is a third party.
Jesus is not equal to the father. (John 8:54 and 14:28). If the father and son are both God, how can they not be equal?
(Related to 4) The father has greater knowledge than Jesus does. (Mark 13.32). If they are both God, why do they not have equal knowledge?
(Related to 4 and 5) Jesus was not on his own mission, but the mission of the father. He came to do his father’s will, not his own. (John 7:16 and John 14:10). He is obedient to the father, but he is following a plan that was not of his design.
Prior to the resurrection, the disciples did not seem to think of Jesus as God. After the resurrection, they seemed to have an even higher opinion of Jesus than before, but I am still not sure that they ever believed that he was God.
Acts 3:13-15 states that God, not Jesus himself, raised Jesus from the dead.
1 John 4:12 states that no one has seen God. If Jesus is God, how is this possible?
I know there are a lot of issues here. If anyone can address any or all of them, it would be greatly appreciated. This is a troubling issue for me. I am looking for help, not an argument.